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January 24, 2018 

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VAULT CASH: Paper currency and metal coins possessed by a commercial bank, either stored in the actual bank vault or temporarily resting teller drawers. Vault cash is primarily used to facilitate daily bank transactions (that is, cashing checks), and together with Federal Reserve deposits make up legal bank reserves.

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Lesson Contents
Unit 1: Money Basics
  • What It Is
  • THE Medium
  • Unit 1 Summary
  • Unit 2: More About Money
  • Functions
  • Medium of Exchange
  • Measure of Value
  • Store of Value
  • Standard of Deferred Payment
  • Characteristics
  • Unit 2 Summary
  • Unit 3: Monetary Aggregates
  • M1
  • M2
  • Near Monies
  • M3
  • L
  • Unit 3 Summary
  • Unit 4: Money's History
  • Barter
  • Commodity Money
  • Metal Commodity Money
  • Fiat Money
  • Money
  • Unit 4 Summary
  • Unit 5: Scarcity
  • Efficiency
  • Monetary Policy
  • Unit 5 Summary
  • Course Home
    Money

    In this lesson, we examine my favorite economic topic -- money. In addition to being the root of all evil, money is a critical component of the macroeconomy. The basic rule is that too much money causes inflation and too little money causes unemployment. To lay the foundation for further study of money and the macroeconomy, this lesson presents the money basics, including what money is, what money does, how money is measured, and how money evolved to it's current format.

    • The first unit begins this lesson with a look at what money is (hint: anything that people use for exchanges), and money's role as a medium of exchange.
    • The main topics of the second unit are the four functions of money and the four characteristics of money.
    • The third unit then examines and compares the monetary aggregates, the official measures of money tracked by the U.S. government.
    • The history of money is the prime topic of the fourth unit, with a look at how modern fiat money evolved from self sufficiency, barter, and commodity money.
    • The fifth unit then ponders the connection between money, efficiency, and the scarcity problem, with an eye toward the use of monetary policies.

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    MARGINAL FACTOR COST CURVE, MONOPSONY

    A curve that graphically represents the relation between marginal factor cost incurred by a monopsony for hiring an input and the quantity of input employed. A profit-maximizing monopsony hires the quantity of input found at the intersection of the marginal factor cost curve and marginal revenue product curve. The marginal factor cost curve for a monopsony with market control is positively sloped and lies above the average factor cost curve.

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    APLS

    YELLOW CHIPPEROON
    [What's This?]

    Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time flipping through mail order catalogs seeking to buy either a genuine down-filled comforter or a 200-foot blue garden hose. Be on the lookout for mail order catalogs with hidden messages.
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    This isn't me! What am I?

    There were no banks in colonial America before the U.S. Revolutionary War. Anyone seeking a loan did so from another individual.
    "Wherever you go, no matter what the weather, always bring your own sunshine."

    -- Anthony J. D'Angelo

    AIFT
    American Institute for Foreign Trade
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