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THIRD-WORLD COUNTRY: A country with a relatively low standard of living and which lacks the economic development of more advanced industrialized nations like the United States. Most third-world countries are in Africa, Asia, and South America and often rise to newsworthy prominence when they have a famine, are overthrown by a military dictator, or are invaded by a more developed country. They tend to have high rates of population growth and limited success in doing what's necessary to achieve economic growth.

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Lesson 18: Banking | Unit 1: What It Is Page: 1 of 24

Topic: Banking <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

The primary profit-motivating task of a bank is to match up borrowers and savers.

Two main functions:

  • First: Banks maintain deposits for costumers.
  • Second: Banks offer loans to credit-worthy customers.

Banks and the money supply:

  • Banks are financial intermediaries.
  • Banks must remain stable because their deposits are part of the economy's money supply.
  • Closing down a bank would be detrimental to the money supply.

Regulation:

  • Banks are heavily regulated by government.

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DEADWEIGHT LOSS

The decrease in the sum of consumer surplus and producer surplus that results from the imposition of a tax. When a tax drives a wedge between demand price and supply price it disrupts what otherwise would be an efficient market equilibrium. Inefficiency arises because while a portion of the sum of consumer and producer surplus is merely transferred to government, a portion of this sum also disappears. The part that disappears is the deadweight loss and is an indicator of the inefficiency of the tax.

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APLS

BEIGE MUNDORTLE
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time going from convenience store to convenience store hoping to buy either a replacement battery for your pocket calculator or a how-to book on home remodeling. Be on the lookout for strangers with large satchels of used undergarments.
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On a typical day, the United States Mint produces over $1 million worth of dimes.
"When I stand before God at the end of my life, I would hope that I would not have a single bit of talent left, and could say, I used everything you gave me."

-- Erma Bombeck, writer

CPI-U
Consumer Price Index-All Urban Consumers
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