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INDUCED CONSUMPTION: Household consumption expenditures that depend on income or production (especially disposable, national income, or gross national product). An increase in household disposable income triggers an increase in induced consumption expenditures. Induced consumption is graphically depicted as the slope of the consumption or propensity-to-consume line, and are measured by the marginal propensity to consume. The induced relation between income and consumption, as well as other induced expenditures, form the foundation of the multiplier effect triggered by changes in autonomous expenditures.

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Lesson 18: Banking | Unit 3: Reserve Banking Page: 17 of 24

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  • The concept of fractional-reserve banking, which implies that deposits are used for loans and that banks must keep reserves to back deposits.
  • The three types of reserves:
    • Legal reserves, which are vault cash and deposits with the Federal Reserve.
    • Required reserves, which are the vault cash and deposits with the Federal Reserve that regulators say a bank must keep for daily transactions.
    • Excess reserves, which are any legal reserves over and above required reserves.
  • That banking sort of evolved from the goldsmithing profession.
  • How Fred stumbled upon the depository function of modern banks.
  • How Fred discovered the lending function of modern banks.
  • How Fred discovered modern fractional-reserve banking.

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EFFICIENT

The state of resource allocation that exists when the highest level of consumer satisfaction is achieved from available resources. This state can be accomplished through markets when the price buyers are willing and able to pay for a good--based on the satisfaction obtained--is equal to the price sellers need to charge for a good--based on the opportunity cost of production.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time flipping through the yellow pages seeking to buy either a combination CD player, clock radio, and telephone (with answering machine) or a revolving spice rack. Be on the lookout for the happiest person in the room.
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Woodrow Wilson's portrait adorned the $100,000 bill that was removed from circulation in 1929. Woodrow Wilson was removed from circulation in 1924.
"Now is the only time there is. Make your now wow, your minutes miracles, and your days pay. Your life will have been magnificently lived and invested, and when you die you will have made a difference."

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