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June 20, 2018 

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X-INEFFICIENCY: Cost that is higher than it needs to be because a firm is operating inefficiently. This is most often seen for firms that have a great deal of market control, especially monopoly. The lack of competition allows a business to pad it's expenses, hire unneeded employees (like relatives), goof off instead of working, and all sorts of other things that lessen production and increase cost. The business is not penalized for these actions, because market control allows the company to extract whatever price is needed to cover cost.

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Lesson 18: Banking | Unit 3: Reserve Banking Page: 15 of 24

Topic: Goldsmith Loans <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

The story continues when Elizabeth the Innkeeper needs to expand her business and ask Fred for a loan.

The story:

  • Elizabeth's business is booming, but she is temporarily short of money, short of gold.
  • She asks Fred for a loan of gold that belongs to Bill the Knight that Fred keeps on his safe.
  • Elizabeth is willing to pay Fred a sizable fee for taking the risk of making this loan.
  • Fred makes the loan.
  • Elizabeth expands her inn, she repays the loan on schedule with interest with profit from business.
  • Bill collects his gold upon returning.
  • Other local merchants soon seek interest lending services from Fred.

Fred has discovered the lending function of modern banks.


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DEMAND SHOCK

A disruption of market equilibrium caused by a change in a demand determinant and a shift of the demand curve. A demand shock can take one of two forms--a demand increase or a demand decrease. This is one of two disruptions of the market. The other is a supply shock.

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APLS

BROWN PRAGMATOX
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time searching the newspaper want ads looking to buy either an AC adapter that won't fry your computer or a case for your designer sunglasses. Be on the lookout for jovial bank tellers.
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This isn't me! What am I?

The earliest known use of paper currency was about 1270 in China during the rule of Kubla Khan.
"Well done is better than well said. "

-- Benjamin Franklin, statesman, inventor

ANOVA
Analysis of Variance
A PEDestrian's Guide
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