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VAULT CASH: Paper currency and metal coins possessed by a commercial bank, either stored in the actual bank vault or temporarily resting teller drawers. Vault cash is primarily used to facilitate daily bank transactions (that is, cashing checks), and together with Federal Reserve deposits make up legal bank reserves.

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Lesson 19: Money Creation | Unit 3: Modern Banking Page: 15 of 23

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  • That modern banks practice fractional-reserve banking, which is the key to money creation.
  • That any reserves over those required to meet a given percentage are called excess reserves, which are used by banks to make loans, increase checkable deposits, and create money.
  • That when a bank receives a deposit, two things happen: the bank adds to vault cash, or reserves, and it adds to its liabilities, the customer's account.
  • That when a check is cleared reserves are transferred from one bank to another.
  • That when banks makes loans, they create deposits, and create money.
  • That the amount of checkable deposits created is a multiple of the amount of excess reserves obtained by the banking system.

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SLOPE, GOVERNMENT PURCHASES LINE

The positive slope of the government purchases line is also termed the marginal propensity for government purchases (MPG). This slope is greater than zero but less than one, reflecting induced government purchases. The slope of the government purchases line affects the slope of the aggregate expenditures line and thus also affects the magnitude of the multiplier process.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time looking for the new strip mall out on the highway seeking to buy either a coffee cup commemorating last Friday (you know why) or a wall poster commemorating the first day of spring. Be on the lookout for broken fingernail clippers.
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The first "Black Friday" on record, a friday marked by a major financial catastrophe, occurred on September 24, 1869 -- A FRIDAY -- when an attempted cornering of the gold market induced a financial crises and economy-wide depression.
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