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ZONING: Legal restrictions on where different activities can locate within a city. Most cities regulate the location of industrial, commercial, and residential activities. The underlying motivation behind zoning is to keep less desirable, but perhaps more profitable, activities from encroaching upon residential areas.

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Lesson 3: Scarcity | Unit 3: Opportunity Cost Page: 9 of 17

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With limited resources and unlimited wants and needs, a lot of opportunities are forgone, a lot of alternatives can't be pursued. This is the idea of opportunity cost.

A definition:

  • Opportunity cost is the highest valued alternative foregone in the pursuit of an activity.
Three points related to this definition:
  • Foregone Alternative: Opportunity cost means NOT doing something else, not producing another good. Using resources to satisfy one want or need means they can't be used to satisfy another.
  • Highest Valued: Opportunity cost is all about giving up the best alternative possible, the most satisfying. Any activity has many alternatives. Opportunity cost is not all of these alternatives, only the most preferred, the highest valued.
  • Pursuit of an Activity: Using resources to produce goods that are consumed to satisfy wants and needs. The key economic activities foregone are production and consumption.

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SELF CORRECTION, INFLATIONARY GAP

The automatic process in which the aggregate market eliminates an inflationary gap created by a short-run equilibrium that is greater than full employment through increases in wages (and other resource prices). The self-correction mechanism is triggered by short-run resource market imbalances that are closed by long-run price flexibility. The self-correction process of the aggregate market also acts to close a recessionary gap with lower wages (and other resource prices).

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time touring the new suburban shopping complex trying to buy either a set of luggage with wheels or a birthday gift for your aunt. Be on the lookout for fairy dust that tastes like salt.
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Potato chips were invented in 1853 by a irritated chef repeatedly seeking to appease the hard to please Cornelius Vanderbilt who demanded french fried potatoes that were thinner and crisper than normal.
"You are never given a dream without also being given the power to make it true."

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