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ABILITY-TO-PAY PRINCIPLE: A principle of taxation in which taxes are based on the income or resource-ownership ability of people to pay the tax. The income tax collected by our friends at the Internal Revenue Service is one of the most common taxes that seeks to abide by the ability-to-pay principle. In theory, the income tax system is set up such that people with greater incomes pay more taxes. Proportional and progressive taxes follow this ability-to-pay principle, while regressive taxes, such as sales taxes and Social Security taxes, don't.

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Lesson 6: Supply | Unit 5: Scarcity Page: 18 of 19

Topic: Limited Resources <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

Supply is directly connected to the scarcity problem, especially limited resources.
  • Scarcity exists because society has limited resources, but unlimited wants and needs.
  • Markets were developed as a means of addressing the problem of scarcity:
    • The supply side of the market comes from the 'limited resources' side of the scarcity problem.
    • The demand side of the market comes from the 'unlimited wants and needs' side of the scarcity problem.

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RISK NEUTRALITY

A preference for risk in which a person is indifferent between guaranteed or certain income over risky income. Risk neutrality arises due to constant marginal utility of income. A risk neutral person has no preference for or against risk. This is one of three risk preferences. The other two are risk aversion and risk loving.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time browsing about a thrift store wanting to buy either a large, stuffed kitty cat or a cross-cut paper shredder. Be on the lookout for a thesaurus filled with typos.
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During the American Revolution, the price of corn rose 10,000 percent, the price of wheat 14,000 percent, the price of flour 15,000 percent, and the price of beef 33,000 percent.
"The greatest things ever done on Earth have been done little by little. "

-- William Jennings Bryan

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