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SALES TAX: A tax on retail sales. This is major source of revenue for many state and local governments. Because poorer people tend to spend a larger share of their income on stuff covered by sales taxes, it tends to be a regressive tax. To reduce this regressiveness, some state and local governments excluded items like food and medicine.

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Lesson 7: Market | Unit 1: The Exchange Page: 1 of 22

Topic: What It Is <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

Market is the term we used to indicate voluntary trades among buyers and sellers. These trade involve a mutually agreeable quantity at a mutually agreeable price.

A definition:

A market is an organized exchange of commodities (including resources, goods, and services) among buyers and sellers, during a given time period.

Four important points about markets.

1. Markets are voluntary trades among buyers who want something (the demand side) and sellers who have something (the supply side).

2. The most important items traded are the goods and services that people consume, and the resources used to produce these goods and services.

3. Markets are the voluntary means of facing the scarcity problem. Government is the involuntary way of the facing scarcity problem.

4. Like demand and supply, markets are analyzed over a given time period.


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PRICE CHANGE, UTILITY ANALYSIS

A disruption of consumer equilibrium identified with utility analysis caused by changes in the price of a good, which likely results in a change in the quantities of the goods consumed. The change in the price alters the marginal utility-price ratio and forces a reevaluation of the rule of consumer equilibrium.

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APLS

GREEN LOGIGUIN
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time watching infomercials seeking to buy either a coffee cup commemorating Thor Heyerdahl's Pacific crossing aboard the Kon-Tiki or a rechargeable battery for your cell phone. Be on the lookout for empty parking spaces that appear to be near the entrance to a store.
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This isn't me! What am I?

Ragnar Frisch and Jan Tinbergen were the 1st Nobel Prize winners in Economics in 1969.
"Well done is better than well said. "

-- Benjamin Franklin, statesman, inventor

DRR
Discounted Rate of Return
A PEDestrian's Guide
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