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BALANCE OF TRADE DEFICIT: An imbalance in a nation's balance of trade in which the payments for merchandise imports made by the country exceed payments for merchandise exports received by the country. This is also termed an unfavorable balance of trade. It's considered unfavorable because more goods are imported into the country than are exported out, meaning that domestic production is replaced with foriegn production, which then reduces domestic employment and income. A balance of trade deficit is often the source of a balance of payments deficit.

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Lesson 3: Scarcity | Unit 3: Opportunity Cost Page: 10 of 17

Topic: Economic Cost <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

The pervasive problem of scarcity makes opportunity cost fundamental to life itself and to the study of economics.
  • Economists use the term economic cost to mean opportunity cost. They also just use the term cost.
  • Cost is foregone alternative, not necessarily the amount of money paid. Money is a way to keep score. Money is a good way to measure opportunity cost, but not the only way.Two types of opportunity or economic costs:
  • Explicit opportunity cost: Out-of-pocket or accounting cost that involves a money payment.
  • Implicit opportunity cost: Cost that does not involve a money payment.

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AVERAGE FACTOR COST CURVE

A curve that graphically represents the relation between average factor cost incurred by a firm for employing an input and the quantity of input used. Because average factor cost is essentially the price of the input, the average factor cost curve is also the supply curve for the input. The average factor cost curve for a firm with no market control is horizontal. The average revenue curve for a firm with market control is positively sloped.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time flipping through the yellow pages wanting to buy either 500 feet of telephone cable or a package of 4 by 6 index cards, the ones with lines. Be on the lookout for cardboard boxes.
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Mark Twain said "I wonder how much it would take to buy soap buble if there was only one in the world."
"Executives who get there and stay suggest solutions when they present the problems. "

-- Malcolm Forbes, business executive

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