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NET EXPORTS LINE: The graphical depiction of the relation between net exports and national income (or gross domestic product) that plays a role in Keynesian economics and the Keynesian cross. The net exports line is derived by combining the exports line, relating exports and national income, with the imports line, relating imports and national income. Because exports are largely independent of national income and imports (which are subtracted from exports) increase with national income, the net exports line has a negative slope. The slope of the net exports line is thus the negative of the marginal propensity to import. The aggregate expenditures line used in the Keynesian cross is obtained by adding this net exports line, as well as, government purchases and net exports, to the consumption line. The government purchases line is also combined with investment expenditures for the Keynesian saving-investment model.

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PRIVATE PROPERTY:

An economic institution in which goods, resources, commodities, or other assets (property) are owned and controlled by households and businesses (the private sector) rather than government (the public sector). Private property is a key institution, along with individual freedom and competitive markets, that helps to form the structure of capitalism.
Private property creates critical incentives for the efficient operation of competitive markets used in a market-oriented economy. Under private-property ownership, control over resources is relinquished (that is sold) when owners are compensated for their opportunity cost. Owners have the incentive to sell their assets to the highest bidder, which means resources are being directed to the highest valued uses. This is just the sort of thing that leads to an efficient use of resources.

The alternative to private property is collective ownership of property, also termed common-property goods. This can take the form of direct government ownership, such as public parks or municipal office buildings, in which a specific government entity also has control of the property. Or it can take the form of shared public ownership, such as the oceans or atmosphere, in which every member of society in principle shares ownership, but no one in particular has actual control of the property.

<= PRIVATE GOODSPRIVATE SECTOR =>


Recommended Citation:

PRIVATE PROPERTY, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2020. [Accessed: November 23, 2020].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | property rights | ownership and control |


Or For A Little Background...

     | private sector | public sector | incentive | efficiency | institution |


And For Further Study...

     | government functions | three questions of allocation | free enterprise | capitalism | laissez faire | opportunity cost |


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