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TRANSFER PAYMENTS: Payments made without any corresponding production or expectations of production. Unless otherwise noted (such as business transfer payments), the term transfer payments generally refers to payments by the government sector to the household sector. The three most important transfer payments in our economy are for Social Security, unemployment compensation, and welfare. The intent of these transfers payments is to redistribute income, and thus the goods and services that can be had with the income. Transfer payments surface as income received but not earned (IRBNE) added to national income to derived personal income.

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Lesson 11: Circular Flow | Unit 3: Government Page: 15 of 22

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  • The role the government sector plays in the economy and the circular flow through taxes and spending.
  • How taxes divert household sector income to the government sector to pay for government purchases.
  • That with the government sector included, the circular flow highlights the three basic uses of national income: consumption, saving, and taxes.
  • Why government spending is divided into government purchases of GDP and transfer payments.
  • Why the circular flow is interested in the net tax flow (taxes minus transfer payments) from households to government.
  • When government does not collect enough taxes to pay for purchases, it can borrow through the financial markets.
  • The Federal deficit, which is the borrowing by the federal government to make up the difference between taxes and spending.
  • That federal borrowing is combined with state and local borrowing (or saving) for total government borrowing.
  • Why the government sector diverts part of the circular flow, but does not necessarily change the total amount of GDP.

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RESOURCE ALLOCATION

The process of distributing resources for the production of goods and services which are then distributed for the satisfaction of wants and needs and human consumption. This is also commonly referred to by the single word "allocation." The resource allocation process is an essential part of an economy's effort to address the problem of scarcity

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time wandering around the downtown area wanting to buy either a green fountain pen or a handcrafted bird house. Be on the lookout for infected paper cuts.
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