March 21, 2018 

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TRADING BLOC: A group of countries that are economically intertwined, share some common cultural background, are located close together, and coordinate their foreign trade policies. There are three trading blocs of note, North America, Europe, and Asia, although other portions of the globe aspire to this status. The North American bloc centers around the good old U. S. of A. with Canada and Mexico playing increasingly important roles. The European bloc contains most of the Western Europe with leading roles played by Germany, Britain, and France. Japan is the center of the Asian bloc that includes Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Malaysia, and several others.

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Lesson 20: Federal Reserve System | Unit 4: Monetary Policy Page: 13 of 20

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Expansionary monetary policy increases aggregate demand up to full employment and contractionary monetary policy decreases aggregate demand back to full employment.
  • Expansionary policy increases the money supply and shifts the AD curve rightward. This is used to correct a recessionary gap and achieve long-run equilibrium.
  • Contractionary policy decreases the money supply and shifts the AD curve leftward. This is used to correct an inflationary gap and achieve long-run equilibrium.
  • Note that monetary policy and interest rates are closely connected.

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A perfectly competitive firm produces the profit-maximizing quantity of output that equates marginal revenue and marginal cost. This marginal approach is one of three methods that used to determine the profit-maximizing quantity of output. The other two methods involve the direct analysis of economic profit or a comparison of total revenue and total cost.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time driving to a factory outlet hoping to buy either a large stuffed brown and white teddy bear or a replacement washer for your kitchen faucet. Be on the lookout for fairy dust that tastes like salt.
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Post WWI induced hyperinflation in German in the early 1900s raised prices by 726 million times from 1918 to 1923.
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