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ALLOCATION: The process of distributing resources for the production of goods and services, and of distributing goods and services for consumption by households. This process of allocation is essential to an economy's effort to address the problem of scarcity. An allocation is efficient if the resources, goods, and services are distributed according to the economy's highest valued uses.

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Lesson Contents
Unit 1: The Fed
  • King Clarence
  • What It Is
  • Unit 1 Summary
  • Unit 2: What It Does
  • Money Control
  • Instability
  • Unit 2 Summary
  • Unit 3: The Fed Pyramid
  • Overview
  • Top
  • Middle
  • Base
  • Unit 3 Summary
  • Unit 4: Monetary Policy
  • Overview
  • Overview: Graphs
  • Open Market Operations
  • Discount Rate
  • Reserve Requirements
  • Moral Suasion
  • Unit 4 Summary
  • Unit 5: Issues
  • Policies
  • Unit 5 Summary
  • Course Home
    Federal Reserve System

    In this lesson, we take a detailed look at the government entity that is directly responsible for controlling the money supply and undertaking business-cycle stabilizing monetary policy -- the Federal Reserve System. The Federal Reserve System is the U.S. economy's number one bank regulator. And they do this regulation with the goal of ensuring the that the nation has just the right about money to avoid high rates of unemployment and inflation. To understand how the Federal Reserve System does it's job, we take a close look at how it is structure and policy tools it has under its' control.

    • The first unit introduces the Federal Reserve System, with a discussion of King Clarence and his role in assisting the operations of Fred the Goldsmith.
    • In the second unit we take a look at the importance of controlling the banking system, and the consequences if the control is ineffective.
    • The structure of the Federal Reserve System is examined in the third unit, with the highlights being the Chairman of the Federal Reserve System and the Federal Open Market Committee.
    • The fourth unit then explores the assorted policy tools used by the Federal Reserve System to control the banking system and the money supply, including open market operations, discount rate, and reserve requirements.
    • We close out this lesson in the fifth unit with a few thoughts on the role politics play in the formulation of monetary policies.

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    CIRCULAR FLOW

    A model of the continuous movement of production, income, and the services of scarce resources that flow between producers and consumers. In particular, the circular flow is a model of the continuous production and consumption interaction among the four major sectors of the macroeconomy--household, business, government, and foreign--using the three macroeconomic markets--product, resource, and financial. The circular flow model provides a easy way of getting the "big picture" and of seeing how the key parts of the macroeconomy fit together.

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    APLS

    RED AGGRESSERINE
    [What's This?]

    Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time watching infomercials hoping to buy either a flower arrangement with daisies and carnations for your uncle or a coffee cup commemorating next Thursday. Be on the lookout for telephone calls from former employers.
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    This isn't me! What am I?

    The first paper notes printed in the United States were in denominations of 1 cent, 5 cents, 25 cents, and 50 cents.
    "There is no point at which you can say, „Well, I'm successful now. I might as well take a nap.¾"

    -- Carrie Fisher, actress, writer

    JPAM
    Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
    A PEDestrian's Guide
    Xtra Credit
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