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January 19, 2018 

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CHANGE IN BUSINESS INVENTORIES: The increase or decrease in the stocks of final goods, intermediate goods, raw materials, and other inputs that businesses keep on hand to use in production. This is one of two main categories of gross private domestic investment included in the National Income and Product Accounts maintained by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. The other category is fixed investment. Change in business inventories is NOT what most people think of when the topic of business investment arises. Inventory changes are considered investment because firms need inventories to smooth the flow of production and sales just like they need factories and equipment to produce goods. In fact, inventories are frequently termed "working capital."

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Lesson 7: Market | Unit 1: The Exchange Page: 5 of 22

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  • The concept of markets as voluntary trades among buyers and sellers that is used to address the scarcity problem.
  • Four key points about markets:
    • They combine demand and supply.
    • They trade goods, services, and resources.
    • They are voluntary.
    • They are analyzed over a give time period.
  • Examples of different markets, ranging from a formal, organized stock market to a less formal, less organized rummage sale.
  • The nature of market equilibrium as a balance of the forces of demand and supply.
  • How market equilibrium is indicated by the equilibrium quantity and equilibrium price.
  • The importance of competition to the efficient operation of markets and how the number of participants determines competition among buyers and sellers.


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IMPORT QUOTAS

Quantity restrictions imposed by the government of one nation on imports from other nations. The primary goal of import quotas is to reduce imports and increase domestic production. Because the quantity of imports is restricted, the price of imports increases, which thus encourages domestic consumers to buy more domestic production. Import quotas are one of three common foreign trade policies designed to discourage imports and/or encourage exports. The other two are tariffs and export subsidies.

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GRAY SKITTERY
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time driving to a factory outlet looking to buy either decorative celebrity figurines or a flower arrangement with anything but tulips for your grandfather. Be on the lookout for malfunctioning pocket calculators.
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Paper money used by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts prior to the U.S. Revolutionary War, which was issued against the dictates of Britain, was designed by patriot and silversmith, Paul Revere.
"You are never given a dream without also being given the power to make it true."

-- Richard Bach, Author

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