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EMPIRICAL: Based on or relating to real world data or analysis. Empirical should be contrasted with the theoretical. Whereas theoretical refers to abstract representations, empirical is actual real world observations. Empirical observation is critical to the scientific method. Once an hypothesis implied by a theory, empirical observation is key to the verification process.

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Lesson 7: Market | Unit 1: The Exchange Page: 5 of 22

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  • The concept of markets as voluntary trades among buyers and sellers that is used to address the scarcity problem.
  • Four key points about markets:
    • They combine demand and supply.
    • They trade goods, services, and resources.
    • They are voluntary.
    • They are analyzed over a give time period.
  • Examples of different markets, ranging from a formal, organized stock market to a less formal, less organized rummage sale.
  • The nature of market equilibrium as a balance of the forces of demand and supply.
  • How market equilibrium is indicated by the equilibrium quantity and equilibrium price.
  • The importance of competition to the efficient operation of markets and how the number of participants determines competition among buyers and sellers.


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GOLD CERTIFICATES

Paper currency issued and authorized by the U.S. Department of the Treasury that is, in principle, backed up by, and exchangeable for, an equivalent value of gold. Gold certificates were in circulation as a medium of exchange for the U.S. economy during two periods, 1865 to 1922 and 1928 to 1934. A similar form of paper currency is silver certificates.

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APLS

BEIGE MUNDORTLE
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time touring the new suburban shopping complex wanting to buy either a 200-foot blue garden hose or a video camera with stop action features. Be on the lookout for a thesaurus filled with typos.
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This isn't me! What am I?

Only 1% of the U.S. population paid income taxes when the income tax was established in 1914.
"Act well at the moment, and you have performed a good action for all eternity."

-- Johann Kaspar Lavater

ALAC
Latin American Free Trade Area
A PEDestrian's Guide
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