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GOLD STANDARD: Use of gold as the standard for valuing a nation's currency. A gold standard can take at least three different forms, most of which have been part of the American economic landscape. (1) Gold is used as the money in circulation. (2) Gold is used to back up paper money in circulation. This involves the use of something like a gold certificate, such that the number of certificates in circulation is the same as the amount of gold stored someplace like Fort Knox. (3) Gold is used to fix the exchange price of paper currency in circulation. In this case, the currency could, in principle, be exchanged for some predetermined amount of gold. In other words, the price of gold is fixed in terms of dollars.

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Lesson 8: Market Shocks | Unit 2: Determinants Page: 6 of 20

Topic: Supply <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

Five basic supply determinants:
  • Resource prices: Higher prices of inputs such as labor, land, and raw material, decrease supply.
  • Technology: Improved technology means an increase in supply.
  • Prices of other goods: An increase in the price of a substitute-in-production, decreases supply. An increase in the price of a complement-in-production, increases supply.
  • Seller's expectations: If sellers expect higher prices tomorrow, they decrease supply today.
  • Number of sellers: More sellers mean more supply.

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LAW

A generally accepted, verified, proven, fundamental scientific relation. A law is a scientifically certified, thoroughly verified, cause-and-effect relation about the workings of the world. It has been tested and retested through the scientific method. The law of demand, law of increasing opportunity cost, and law of diminishing marginal utility are three fundamental (and extremely important) economic laws of nature.

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APLS

PURPLE SMARPHIN
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time browsing about a thrift store trying to buy either a microwave over that won't burn your popcorn or a T-shirt commemorating the first day of winter. Be on the lookout for pencil sharpeners with an attitude.
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In the early 1900s around 300 automobile companies operated in the United States.
"The more you praise and celebrate your life, the more there is in life to celebrate."

-- Oprah Winfrey

CPI-U
Consumer Price Index-All Urban Consumers
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