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DEATH RATE: The number of people dying per 1,000 population. The death rate is compared with the birth rate to indicate the natural population growth of a country. (Net migration is also needed in the calculation of the final, overall, actual growth of population.) The death rate most frequently comes up in economic development discussions of less developed countries and their progress (or lack thereof) through the demographic transition.

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Lesson 8: Market Shocks | Unit 3: Single Shifts Page: 8 of 20

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An increase in demand caused by one of the demand determinants.
  • Initial equilibrium market at price Po and quantity Qo
  • Buyers acquire a sudden "appetite" for hot fudge sundaes.
A summary:
  • The demand curve shifts rightward.
  • The initial equilibrium is no longer an equilibrium.
  • The new equilibrium is at the intersection of the original supply curve with the new demand curve.
  • New equilibrium price is P1 and new equilibrium quantity is Q1.
The six steps of market adjustment for an increase in demand:
  • A determinant changes. We have a greater appetite for hot fudge sundaes.
  • A curve to shifts. The demand curve for hot fudge sundaes shifts rightward.
  • A shortage or a surplus occurs. The increase in demand causes a shortage of hot fudge sundaes.
  • The price changes. The price of hot fudge sundaes goes up.
  • The quantities demanded and supplied change. The quantity supplied for hot fudge sundaes increases while their quantity demand is reduced.
  • The market imbalance is eliminated and equilibrium is restored. The shortage of hot fudge sundaes is eliminated. The price is higher and the quantity exchanged is more.

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IMPORTS LINE

A graphical depiction of the relation between imports bought from the foreign sector and the domestic economy's aggregate level of income or production. This relation is most important for deriving the net exports line, which plays a minor, but growing role in the study of Keynesian economics. An imports line is characterized by vertical intercept, which indicates autonomous imports, and slope, which is the marginal propensity to import and indicates induced imports. The aggregate expenditures line used in Keynesian economics is derived by adding or stacking the net exports line, derived as the difference between the exports line and imports line, onto the consumption line, after adding investment expenditures and government purchases.

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BEIGE MUNDORTLE
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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time flipping through the yellow pages seeking to buy either a coffee cup commemorating next Thursday or a replacement remote control for your stereo system. Be on the lookout for strangers with large satchels of used undergarments.
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Post WWI induced hyperinflation in German in the early 1900s raised prices by 726 million times from 1918 to 1923.
"The greatest things ever done on Earth have been done little by little. "

-- William Jennings Bryan

IMF
International Monetary Found
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