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OAS: (Organization of American States ) In 1948, 21 nations of the hemisphere met in Bogota, Colombia, to adopt the Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS). Since then, the OAS has expanded to include the nations of the Caribbean, as well as Canada. Currently, all 35 independent countries of the Americas have ratified the OAS Charter and belong to the Organization. Cuba remains a member, but its government has been excluded from participation in the OAS since 1962. The OAS is the region's premier political forum for multilateral dialogue and action. Among OAS' major goals they work for strengthening freedom of speech and thought as a basic human right, promoting greater participation by civil society in decision-making at all levels of government, improving cooperation to address the problem of illegal drugs and supporting the process to create a Free Trade Area of the Americas.

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Lesson 8: Market Shocks | Unit 3: Single Shifts Page: 8 of 20

Topic: More Demand <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

An increase in demand caused by one of the demand determinants.
  • Initial equilibrium market at price Po and quantity Qo
  • Buyers acquire a sudden "appetite" for hot fudge sundaes.
A summary:
  • The demand curve shifts rightward.
  • The initial equilibrium is no longer an equilibrium.
  • The new equilibrium is at the intersection of the original supply curve with the new demand curve.
  • New equilibrium price is P1 and new equilibrium quantity is Q1.
The six steps of market adjustment for an increase in demand:
  • A determinant changes. We have a greater appetite for hot fudge sundaes.
  • A curve to shifts. The demand curve for hot fudge sundaes shifts rightward.
  • A shortage or a surplus occurs. The increase in demand causes a shortage of hot fudge sundaes.
  • The price changes. The price of hot fudge sundaes goes up.
  • The quantities demanded and supplied change. The quantity supplied for hot fudge sundaes increases while their quantity demand is reduced.
  • The market imbalance is eliminated and equilibrium is restored. The shortage of hot fudge sundaes is eliminated. The price is higher and the quantity exchanged is more.

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BALANCE OF PAYMENTS

A comprehensive set of accounts that tracks the flow of currency and other monetary assets coming in to and going out of a nation. These payments are used for international trade, foreign investments, and other financial activities. The balance of payments is divided into two accounts -- current account (which includes payments for imports, exports, services, and transfers) and capital account (which includes payments for physical and financial assets). A deficit in one account is matched by a surplus in the other account. The balance of trade is only one part of the overall balance of payments set of accounts.

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APLS

YELLOW CHIPPEROON
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time searching for a specialty store looking to buy either a genuine down-filled pillow or one of those "hang in there" kitty cat posters. Be on the lookout for poorly written technical manuals.
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This isn't me! What am I?

The earliest known use of paper currency was about 1270 in China during the rule of Kubla Khan.
"You are never given a dream without also being given the power to make it true."

-- Richard Bach, Author

TVC
Total Variable Cost
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