March 23, 2018 

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KUZNETS CYCLE: A cycle of economic activity lasting between 15 and 20 years that acquired the name of the first economist to study it, Nobel Prize laureate Simon Kuznets. The Kuznets cycle is attributed to investment in housing and building construction and is well know among professionals in the real estate market. This is one of four separate cycles of macroeconomic activity that have been documented or hypothesized. The other three are Kitchin cycle, Juglar cycle, and Kondratieff cycle.

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Lesson 8: Market Shocks | Unit 3: Single Shifts Page: 9 of 20

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The six steps for a decrease in demand:
  • A determinant changes. The price of pecan pie, a substitute for hot fudge sundaes, declines.
  • A curve to shifts. The demand curve for hot fudge sundaes shifts leftward.
  • A shortage or a surplus occurs. The decrease in demand causes a surplus of hot fudge sundaes.
  • The price changes. The price of hot fudge sundaes goes down.
  • The quantities demanded and supplied change. The quantity supplied for hot fudge sundaes decreases while their quantity demand is increased.
  • The market imbalance is eliminated and equilibrium is restored. The surplus of hot fudge sundaes is eliminated. The price is lower and the quantity exchanged is less.

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A good for which a change in income causes an opposite change in demand. That is, an increase in income causes a decrease in demand and a decrease in income causes an increase in demand. The income elasticity of demand for an inferior good is negative. An inferior good is one of two alternatives falling within the buyers' income demand determinant. The other is a normal good.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time searching the newspaper want ads wanting to buy either a birthday gift for your uncle or a pair of red and purple designer socks. Be on the lookout for mail order catalogs with hidden messages.
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Mark Twain said "I wonder how much it would take to buy soap buble if there was only one in the world."
"It is not the straining for great things that is most effective; it is the doing of the little things, the common duties, a little better and better."

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