March 18, 2018 

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INCOME: Revenue earned or received by households that can be used for consumption or saving. For the aggregate economy, earned income is termed national income, while received income is termed personal income. The key is that income for the aggregate economy is generated in the production of goods and services.

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Lesson 9: Macro Basics | Unit 2: Macro Problems Page: 5 of 16

Topic: Unemployment <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

Unemployment exists when resources, specially labor, are willing and able to produce goods but are not employed because no one is buying production.
  • Voluntary unemployment occurs when people choose not to work.
  • Involuntary unemployment occurs when people are willing to work, but can't find employment.
Unemployment problems:
  • The economy suffers because unemployed resources are not producing goods to lessen the scarcity problem.
  • The unemployed suffer personal hardships and a lower living standard.
Production lost from unemployed resources can never be recouped.

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An analysis of the production decision made by a firm in the short run, with the ultimate goal of explaining the law of supply and the upward-sloping supply curve. The central feature of this short-run production analysis is the law of diminishing marginal returns, which results in the short run when larger amounts of a variable input, like labor, are added to a fixed input, like capital. A contrasting analysis is long-run production analysis.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time watching infomercials hoping to buy either a wall poster commemorating the first day of winter or blue cotton balls. Be on the lookout for crowded shopping malls.
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Lewis Carroll, the author of Alice in Wonderland, was the pseudonym of Charles Dodgson, an accomplished mathematician and economist.
"Good plans shape good decisions. That's why good planning helps to make elusive dreams come true."

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