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AGGREGATE PRODUCTION FUNCTION: A relation between the total production of real output for an economy and the amount of labor input. The aggregate production function is comparable to the standard production function used in the microeconomic analysis of firm behavior but is applied to the macroeconomic study of aggregate supply, resource markets, and employment. It is typically assumed to experience diminishing marginal returns, resulting in a decreasing marginal product of labor.

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Lesson 9: Macro Basics | Unit 2: Macro Problems Page: 4 of 16

Topic: The Goals <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

A modern, complex economy like the U.S. economy pursues three macro goals:
  • Full employment: Using all available resources for production.
  • Stability: Avoiding inflation and/or fluctuations in the economy.
  • Growth: Lessening the problem of scarcity by increasing production capabilities.
  • We always pursue these goals but conflicts mean we cannot reach them at the same time.
  • More conflicts result from pursuit of the micro goals of efficiency and equity.
  • Macroeconomic problems from not reaching this goals are: production, unemployment, and inflation.

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PERFECT COMPETITION, EFFICIENCY

Perfect competition is an idealized market structure that achieves an efficient allocation of resources. This efficiency is achieved because the profit-maximizing quantity of output produced by a perfectly competitive firm results in the equality between price and marginal cost. In the short run, this involves the equality between price and short-run marginal cost. In the long run, this is seen with the equality between price and long-run marginal cost at the minimum efficient scale of production.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time searching the newspaper want ads wanting to buy either a birthday gift for your uncle or a pair of red and purple designer socks. Be on the lookout for mail order catalogs with hidden messages.
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Potato chips were invented in 1853 by a irritated chef repeatedly seeking to appease the hard to please Cornelius Vanderbilt who demanded french fried potatoes that were thinner and crisper than normal.
"It is not the straining for great things that is most effective; it is the doing of the little things, the common duties, a little better and better."

-- Elizabeth Stuart Phelps, Writer

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