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ARP: The abbreviation for average revenue product, which is total revenue generated per unit of a variable input, keeping all other inputs unchanged. Average revenue product, usually abbreviated ARP, is found by dividing total revenue by the variable input. Average revenue product is most often used in the analysis of the demand for productive inputs.

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Lesson 4: Production Possibilities | Unit 5: Investment Page: 19 of 24

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Investment is the tradeoff between consumption goods used for current satisfaction and capital goods that expand future productive capabilities.
  • Investment is not just putting money into the stock market. Investment is giving up current satisfaction to obtain greater future production, usually seen as giving up consumption goods to produce capital goods.
  • Education and human capital that increase the productive skills and ability of labor.
  • Exploration for mineral or fossil fuel deposits that add to land resources.
  • Scientific research that expands technology and resource quality.
  • The downside of investment is risk. There is no guarantee that you'll get something tomorrow.
Let's consider this basic tradeoff between capital and consumption.
  • Capital and consumption are the two basic types of goods needed for investment. If we produce more calibrators (capital), then we give up some jogging shoes (consumption).
  • This tradeoff IS the fundamental act of investment. In the graph to the right, if we move from bundle A to E to I, we are giving up jogging shoes and getting calibrators.
We are investing!

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ACCOUNTING PROFIT

The difference between the revenue received by a firm and the explicit accounting cost incurred. This is the profit listed on a firm's balance sheet, appears periodically in the financial sector of the newspaper, and is reported to the Internal Revenue Service for tax purposes. While accounting profit is the "standard" designation of profit used in the business world, economists prefer to use economic profit

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APLS

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time searching the newspaper want ads trying to buy either income tax software or a how-to book on the art of negotiation. Be on the lookout for infected paper cuts.
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Junk bonds are so called because they have a better than 50% chance of default, carrying a Standard & Poor's rating of CC or lower.
"The vacuum created by failure to communicate will quickly be filled with rumor, misrepresentations, drivel and poison. "

-- C. Northcote Parkinson, historian

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