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April 17, 2024 

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ECONOMIC RECOVERY TAX ACT: Unofficially called the Kemp-Roth, this was a cornerstone of economic policy under President Reagan passed in 1981. The three components of this act were: (1) a decrease in individual income taxes, phased in over three years, (2) a decrease in business taxes, primarily through changes in capital depreciation, and (3) the indexing of taxes to inflation, which was implemented in 1985. This act was intended to address the stagflation problems of high unemployment and high inflation that existed during that 1970s and to provide greater incentives for investment. A primary theoretical justification is found in the Laffer curve relation between tax rates and total tax collections.

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PRINCIPLE OF MEDIAN LOCATION: A basic principle of location theory stating that an activity will select the median or middle point of location when selling an output to, or buying an input from, activities located a disperse points. In particular, this analysis indicates that the activity will locate at the median point, with an equal number of attraction points in any direction, rather than the arithmetic average of the distances to all points. The analysis imposes several restrictive assumptions, including a trip to each location, the same transit cost per mile to each location, the same quantity of output sold to, or input purchased from, each location. The principle of median voter is a similar principle that has been developed in the public choice study of voting behavior.

     See also | location theory | competition along a line | spatial | space | accessibility | dispersive force | attractive force | public choice |


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MARKET EQUILIBRIUM

The state of equilibrium that exists when the opposing market forces of demand and supply achieve a balance with no inherent tendency for change. Once achieved, a market equilibrium persists unless or until it is disrupted by an outside force, especially the demand and supply determinants. A market equilibrium is indicated by equilibrium price and equilibrium quantity.

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BLUE PLACIDOLA
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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time calling an endless list of 800 numbers trying to buy either a T-shirt commemorating the first day of winter or software that won't crash your computer. Be on the lookout for strangers with large satchels of used undergarments.
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On a typical day, the United States Mint produces over $1 million worth of dimes.
"The best way to cheer yourself up is to try to cheer somebody else up."

-- Mark Twain

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