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February 28, 2024 

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SOCIAL SECURITY TAX: A tax on wage earnings that's used to fund the Social Security system. In principle, the Social Security tax is divided equally between employer and employee--your share is listed under the FICA heading of your paycheck. In practice, however, employees really end up paying both employee and employer contributes. The reason is that employers need to consider the entire cost of hiring an employee, including wages, fringe benefits, and assorted taxes. The more they pay in these nonwage items, like Social Security taxes, the less they pay in wages. In that the Social security tax is only on earnings, and excludes profit, interest, and rent, it tends to be a regressive tax.

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ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY:

Obtaining the most consumer satisfaction from available resources. In other words, resources are allocated in such a way that consumer satisfaction is at its highest possible level. This is also termed either efficiency or allocative efficiency.
Economic efficiency means the economy is doing the best job possible of satisfying unlimited wants and needs with limited resources--that is, of addressing the problem of scarcity. To achieve economic efficiency, however, the economy must first achieve technical efficiency. Technical efficiency means that society is getting the most production from available resources. There is no waste in the production process.

Economic efficiency, however, means that this technically efficient production is also useful to or valued by people. While technical efficiency might be achieved in the production of purple spotted stuffed animals, economic efficiency is not achieved if no one actually wants purple spotted stuffed animals and they remain stored in a big purple warehouse.

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Recommended Citation:

ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2024. [Accessed: February 28, 2024].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | efficiency | technical efficiency | consumer sovereignty | satisfaction | production | full employment |


Or For A Little Background...

     | allocation | resource allocation | scarcity | limited resources | unlimited wants and needs | economic goals | factors of production | economic thinking |


And For Further Study...

     | distribution standards | economic system | seven economic rules | production possibilities | three questions of allocation | competitive market | minimum efficient scale | market efficiency | rule of consumer equilibrium |


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