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ZERO-BASE BUDGET: A method of budgeting expenditures in which each expenditure is justified on its overall merits rather than being based on the budget for the previous year. A zero-base budget is most often proposed (but seldom implemented) for governments. Governments generally establish budget expenditures based on expenditures for the previous year. If, for example, budget expenditures last year were $100 billion, the requested budget for this year might be set at $110 billion. The existing $100 billion is a "given" and only the extra $10 billion is justified. With a zero-base budget, the entire $110 billion is justified.

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Lesson 10: Gross Domestic Product | Unit 2: Looking Behind GDP Page: 11 of 25

Topic: GDP <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

Economic production that involves market transactions is the foundation of GDP. This is area E. It is combined with area B to measure GDP.

A summary of measuring GDP:

  • Start with all market transactions of record.
  • Toss out past and future production in Slice A.
  • Add the estimated value of nonmarket 'in-kind' production in Slice B.
  • Don't include the value of nonmarket production in chunk C and the value of illegal production in chunk D.
  • Combine areas B and E for the final tabulation of GDP.

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ELASTIC DEMAND

The general demand relation in which relatively small changes in price cause relatively large changes in quantity demanded. Small changes in price cause relatively large changes in quantity demanded or the percentage change in quantity demanded is larger than the percentage change in price. This characterization of elasticity is most important for the price elasticity of demand. Elastic demand is one of two general elasticity relations for demand. The other is inelastic demand.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at an auction hoping to buy either a New York Yankees baseball cap or a solid oak entertainment center. Be on the lookout for attractive cable television service repair people.
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Rosemary, long associated with remembrance, was worn as wreaths by students in ancient Greece during exams.
"You can't build a reputation on what you are going to do."

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