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 X: The standard abbreviation for exports produced by the foreign sector and purchased by the domestic economy, especially when used in the study of macroeconomics. This abbreviation is most often seen in the aggregate expenditure equation, AE = C + I + G + (X - M), where C, I, G, and (X - M) represent expenditures by the four macroeconomic sectors, household, business, government, and foreign. The United States, for example, sells a lot of the stuff produced within our boundaries to other countries, including wheat, beef, cars, furniture, and, well, almost every variety of product you care to name.
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 Lesson 10: Gross Domestic Product | Unit 4: Measuring Income Page: 22 of 25

 Topic: Summary <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

In this unit, you should have learned something about:
1. The three income measures, national income (NI), personal income (PI) and disposable income (DI).
2. Alternative ways of calculating national income--the sum of factor payments (NI = W + I + R + P + PI), adjusting GDP (NI = GDP - CCA - IBT + NFFI), and adjusting NDP (NI = NDP - IBT + NFFI).
3. Income earned but not received (IEBNR), including Social Security taxes, corporate profit taxes, and undistributed corporate profits.4. Income received but not earned (IRBNE), including Social Security benefits, welfare payments, and unemployment compensation.
4. Deriving personal income from national income (PI = NI - IEBNR + IRBNE).

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SHORT-RUN AGGREGATE MARKET

A macroeconomic model relating the price level and real production under the assumption that SOME prices are inflexible, especially resource prices. This is one of two aggregate market submodels used to analyze business cycles, gross production, unemployment, inflation, stabilization policies, and related macroeconomic phenomena. The other is the long-run aggregate market. The short-run aggregate market isolates the interaction between aggregate demand and short-run aggregate supply. The key assumption of this model is that SOME prices, especially resource prices, are inflexible. The primary result of this model is that the economy can achieve short-run equilibrium at real production that is either greater than or less than full-employment.

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 Cyrus McCormick not only invented the reaper for harvesting grain, he also invented the installment payment for selling his reaper.
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 DCFDiscounted Cash Flow
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