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COMPANY TOWN: A small town closely associated with the production activity by a single firm. The firm is typically the only employer in the town and most of the goods and services sold throughout the town are provided by this firm. Company towns were quite prevalent in the late 1800s and early 1900s during the U.S. industrial revolution, often affiliated with a large mining, lumber, or manufacturing facility that was isolated from major urban areas. The company literally built a town around this facility to provide support services for their employees. The downside, however, was the lack of competition for both the employment of labor (monopsony) and the provision of consumer goods (monopoly). In some cases, the controlling firm exploited its market control creating circumstances not but different from slavery. Such company towns were a key motivation from the formation of labor unions.

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Lesson 10: Gross Domestic Product | Unit 1: Measuring Production Page: 4 of 25

Topic: Given Year <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

The third GDP highlight phrase is 'a given period of time'.

GDP is production that takes place during a specific period, usually one year.

  • GDP is a flow. Current production takes place during the specific period of time under study.
  • Flows are measured over a period of time. GDP is measured from January 1st to December 31st.
  • Stocks are measured at a point in time. The quantity of money is measured at an instant in time, like July 26th at 8:15.
  • In addition to GDP, other production and income measures in this lesson are flows.
  • In addition to money, employment, business inventories, and labor force are stocks.

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INDUCED INVESTMENT

Business investment expenditures that depend on income or production (especially national income and gross domestic product). That is, changes in income induce changes in investment. Induced investment reflects the observation that the business sector is inclined to reinvest profits (boosted by a growing economy) in capital goods. It is measured by the marginal propensity to invest (MPI) and is reflected by the positive slope of investment line. The alternative to induced investment is autonomous investment, which does not depend on income.

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General Electric is the only stock from the original 1896 Dow Jones Industrial Average remaining in the current index.
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