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A PRIORI: A presumption made before an analysis is undertaken, often based on experiences, beliefs, or deductions from seemingly self-evident propositions about how the world works. This is a Latin for assumption or axiom. A similar sounding, but opposite term is a posteriori, which is derived from observation or facts. For example, in the study of economics of crime you might assume, a priori, that people are basically "good", because that just seems to be part of human nature, and conclude, a posteriori, that people are more likely to commit crimes when the threat of capture and conviction is lower.

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Lesson 8: Market Shocks | Unit 5: Cause and Effect Page: 19 of 20

Topic: Link Sequence <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

The sequence of the cause and effect links is an essential element in economic analysis.

Six steps for market adjustment:

  • First, a determinant change always starts the process.
  • Second, the determinant change causes a shift in either the demand or the supply curve.
  • Third, the shift in the curve causes market disequilibrium, either a shortage or surplus.
  • Fourth, the disequilibrium causes the price to change.
  • Fifth, the price change causes a change in quantity demanded and quantity supplied.
  • Sixth, changes in quantity demand and supplied cause the market equilibrium to be restored.

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DISPOSABLE INCOME

The total income that can be used by the household sector for either consumption expenditures or saving during a given period of time, usually one year. Disposable income (DI) is one of three measures of income reported in the National Income and Product Accounts maintained by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. The other two are national income (NI) and personal income (PI). Two related measures of production are gross domestic product (GDP) and net domestic product (NDP).

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BLACK DISMALAPOD
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at a going out of business sale looking to buy either a T-shirt commemorating the first day of spring or a coffee cup commemorating last Friday (you know why). Be on the lookout for door-to-door salesmen.
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This isn't me! What am I?

The first "Black Friday" on record, a friday marked by a major financial catastrophe, occurred on September 24, 1869 -- A FRIDAY -- when an attempted cornering of the gold market induced a financial crises and economy-wide depression.
"It is not fair to ask of others what you are unwilling to do yourself. "

-- Eleanor Roosevelt, diplomat, activist

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Securities and Exchange Commision
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