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February 2, 2023 

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SOTHEBY'S: An English auction house founded by Samuel Baker in 1774. Originally, Sotheby's activities as an auctioneer focused on books. Today the company, which is one of the leading auction houses internationally, has expanded its scope to cover all areas of fine art, antiques, jewelry and real estate. On each sale, Sotheby's collects commissions and fees from both the buyer and the seller. In addition to auction operations, Sotheby's is also involved in a number of related activities, including the purchase and resale of art and other collectibles and the brokering of art and collectible purchases and sales through private treaty sales.

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SOCIAL SECURITY: A system for providing financial assistance to the poor, elderly, and disabled. The social security system in the United States was established by the Social Security Act (1935) in response to the devastating problems of the Great Depression. Our current Social Security system has several parts. The first part, Old Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI) is the one the usually comes to mind when the phrase "Social Security" comes up. It provides benefits to anyone who has reached a certain age and who has paid taxes into the program while employed. It also provides benefits to qualified recipients survivors or dependents. The second part of the system is Disability Insurance (DI), which provides benefits to workers and their dependents in the case of physical disabilities that keeps them from working. The third part is Hospital Insurance (HI), more commonly termed medicare. Medicare provides two types of benefits, hospital coverage for anyone in the OASI part of the system and optional supplemental medical benefits that require a monthly insurance premium. The last part of the social security system is Public Assistance (PA), which is the official term for welfare and is covered under it's own heading.

     See also | transfer payment | Great Depression | income | national income | personal income | tax | insurance | welfare | Baby Boomer | poverty | Social Security tax | income earned but not received | income received but not earned |


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AUTONOMOUS SAVING

Household saving that does not depend on income or production (especially disposable income, national income, or even gross domestic product). That is, changes in income do not generate changes in saving. Autonomous saving is best thought of as a baseline level of saving (usually negative) that the household sector undertakes in the unlikely event that income falls to zero. It is measured by the intercept term of the saving function or the saving line. The alternative to autonomous saving is induced saving, which does depend on income.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time flipping through mail order catalogs hoping to buy either storage boxes for your income tax returns or an AC adapter for your CD player. Be on the lookout for mail order catalogs with hidden messages.
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Approximately three-fourths of the U.S. paper currency in circular contains traces of cocaine.
"We tend to forget that happiness doesn't come as a result of getting something we don't have, but rather of recognizing and appreciating what we do have."

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