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March 1, 2024 

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LAFFER CURVE: The graphical inverted-U relation between tax rates and total tax collections by government. Developed by economist Arthur Laffer, the Laffer curve formed a key theoretical foundation for supply-side economics of President Reagan during the 1980s. It is based on the notion that government collects zero revenue if the tax rate is 0% and if the tax rate is 100%. At a 100% tax rate no one has the incentive to work, produce, and earn income, so there is no income to tax. As such, the optimum tax rate, in which government revenue is maximized, lies somewhere between 0% and 100%. This generates a curve shaped like and inverted U, rising from zero to a peak, then falling back to zero. If the economy is operating to the right of the peak, then government revenue can be increased by decreasing the tax rate. This was used to justify supply-side economic policies during the Reagan Administration, especially the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981 (Kemp-Roth Act).

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MARGINAL REVENUE: The change in total revenue resulting from a change in the quantity of output sold. For a perfectly competitive firm, marginal revenue is equal to price.

     See also | total revenue | quantity | perfect competition | price | average revenue | perfectly elastic | marginal cost | marginal revenue, monopolistic competition | marginal revenue, monopoly | marginal revenue product |


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MARGINAL REVENUE, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2024. [Accessed: March 1, 2024].


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RISK POOLING

The process of combining the risks facing individuals into larger groups. This process can be used effectively to transfer individual risks to the entire group. This makes it possible to calculated the risk for the group. Risk pooling is the standard technique that enables the provision of insurance services.

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