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RATIONING: The distribution or allocation of a limited commodity, usually accomplished based on a standard or criterion. The two primary methods of rationing are markets and governments. Rationing is needed due to the scarcity problem. Because wants and needs are unlimited, but resources are limited, available commodities must be rationed out to competing uses.

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PRICE: An asset or item voluntarily exchanged in a market transaction for another asset or item. This item or asset is usually, but not necessarily, money. A barter transaction occurs if money is NOT one of the assets or items exchanged. In a standard market diagram, price is displayed on the vertical axis. Price takes on several specific roles in the functioning of a market. On the demand side, the price reflects the willingness and ability of the buyers to purchase a product which is based on the satisfaction received (the demand price). On the supply side, the price reflects the opportunity cost of production (the supply price). Also the variable in the marketing mix where the organization establishes product positioning objectives. These could be low end to capture more market share or high end to differentiate based on perceived product quality and scarcity. Pricing is based on market research to establish what customer wants and needs are in exchange for valued compensation, typically money or bartering.

     See also | market | exchange | value | asset | money | barter | demand | supply | opportunity cost | demand price | supply price | equilibrium price | quantity demanded | quantity supplied | law of demand | law of supply | change in quantity demanded | change in quantity supplied | shortage | surplus | market adjustment | price competition | pricing strategies | promotional pricing | pricing objectives | product | promotion | distribution | packaging | marketing mix |


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PRICE, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2021. [Accessed: September 21, 2021].


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AGGREGATE EXPENDITURES LINE

A graphical depiction of the relation between aggregate expenditures by the four macroeconomic sectors (household, business, government, and foreign) and the level of aggregate income or production. In Keynesian economics, the aggregate expenditures line is the essential component of the Keynesian cross analysis used to identify equilibrium income and production. Like any straight line, the aggregate expenditures line is characterized by vertical intercept, which indicates autonomous expenditures, and slope, which indicates induced expenditures. The aggregate expenditures line used in Keynesian economics is derived by adding or stacking investment, government purchases, and net exports to the consumption line.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time looking for the new strip mall out on the highway hoping to buy either a large, stuffed kitty cat or a cross-cut paper shredder. Be on the lookout for empty parking spaces that appear to be near the entrance to a store.
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A scripophilist is one who collects rare stock and bond certificates, usually from extinct companies.
"Man is born to live, not to prepare for life. "

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