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April 16, 2024 

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RATIONING: The distribution or allocation of a limited commodity, usually accomplished based on a standard or criterion. The two primary methods of rationing are markets and governments. Rationing is needed due to the scarcity problem. Because wants and needs are unlimited, but resources are limited, available commodities must be rationed out to competing uses.

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MARKET: The organized exchange of commodities (goods, services, or resources) between buyers and sellers within a specific geographic area and during a given period of time. Markets are the exchange between buyers who want a good--the demand-side of the market--and the sellers who have it--the supply--side of the market. In essence, a buyer gives up money and gets a good, while a seller gives up a good and gets money. From a marketing context, in order to be a market the following conditions must exist. The target consumers must have the ability to purchase the goods or services. They must have a need or desire to purchase. The target group must be willing to exchange something of value for the product. Finally, they must have the authority to make the purchase. If all these variables are present, a market exits.

     See also | exchange | goods | services | scarcity | resource allocation | three questions of allocation | demand | supply | price | quantity | equilibrium | production | consumption | capitalism | market-oriented economy | comparative statics | demand shock | supply shock | competitive market | equilibrium price | equilibrium quantity | barter | market adjustment | market clearing | market control | market failure | marketing mix | product | consumer behavior | target market | marketing plan |


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MARKET, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2024. [Accessed: April 16, 2024].


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SURVEY WEEK, CURRENT POPULATION SURVEY

The calendar week (Sunday through Saturday) containing the 19th day of the month that is used to conduct the Current Population Survey (CPS). This is the time period in which CPS interviews contact occupants of 60,000 households included in the survey. The survey questions posed by the interviewers then refer to the employment activities of the respondents during the previous calendar week, which is the termed the reference week. The activities of survey respondents during the reference week are the source of information used to estimate the unemployment rate and other employment information generated by the CPS.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time visiting every yard sale in a 30-mile radius seeking to buy either a wall poster commemorating last Friday (you know why) or a country wreathe. Be on the lookout for small children selling products door-to-door.
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During the American Revolution, the price of corn rose 10,000 percent, the price of wheat 14,000 percent, the price of flour 15,000 percent, and the price of beef 33,000 percent.
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