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ADJUSTMENT, SHORT-RUN AGGREGATE MARKET: Disequilibrium in the short-run aggregate market induces changes in the price level that restore equilibrium. If the price level is above the short-run equilibrium price level, economy-wide product market surpluses cause the price level to fall. If the price level is below the short-run equilibrium price level, economy-wide product market shortages cause the price level to rise. In both cases short-run equilibrium is restored. You might want to compare adjustment, long-run aggregate market. Price level changes induce changes in both aggregate expenditures and real production. Unlike the long-run aggregate market, changes in the price level can induce changes in short-run aggregate supply, making it greater or less than full-employment real production.

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AXIOM:

A basic precondition or assumption underlying a theory. Axioms are basic, unverifiable world view assumptions--including personal beliefs, political views, and cultural values--that form the foundation of a theory.
An axiom is a statement or notion that is unprovable, but presumed to be true. Axioms cannot be verified directly with real world data, and as such are largely accepted on faith. They comprise the world view of a scientific theory. Many axioms reflect religious beliefs, political ideologies, and views about the basic nature of humanity and the universe. Belief in a supreme, omnipotent, omniscience being is one such axiom. The notion that people are basically good (or bad) is another. The presumption that the universe abides by cause-and-effect relations is a key axiom for all of science.

While axioms cannot be verified directly with real world data, as is the case for hypotheses, they can be "checked" indirectly. Suppose, for example, dozens of theories that employ the same axiom generate hundreds of hypotheses that are refuted by real world data. The problem might rest with this axiom. If this axiom is then replaced with an alternative, and the subsequent hypotheses are supported by data, then the validity of the original axiom is even more suspect.

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AXIOM, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2021. [Accessed: October 17, 2021].


Check Out These Related Terms...

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