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May 28, 2022 

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RATIONAL ABSTENTION: The decision not to do something because the cost of doing it is more than the expected benefit. While this is a common part of everyday life, it's particularly important for voting. During a given election, a number of potential voters are likely to chose NOT to vote because they expect to get little or no benefit from doing so.

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AXIOM:

A basic precondition or assumption underlying a theory. Axioms are basic, unverifiable world view assumptions--including personal beliefs, political views, and cultural values--that form the foundation of a theory.
An axiom is a statement or notion that is unprovable, but presumed to be true. Axioms cannot be verified directly with real world data, and as such are largely accepted on faith. They comprise the world view of a scientific theory. Many axioms reflect religious beliefs, political ideologies, and views about the basic nature of humanity and the universe. Belief in a supreme, omnipotent, omniscience being is one such axiom. The notion that people are basically good (or bad) is another. The presumption that the universe abides by cause-and-effect relations is a key axiom for all of science.

While axioms cannot be verified directly with real world data, as is the case for hypotheses, they can be "checked" indirectly. Suppose, for example, dozens of theories that employ the same axiom generate hundreds of hypotheses that are refuted by real world data. The problem might rest with this axiom. If this axiom is then replaced with an alternative, and the subsequent hypotheses are supported by data, then the validity of the original axiom is even more suspect.

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AXIOM, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2022. [Accessed: May 28, 2022].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | assumption | cause and effect | ceteris paribus | theory | world view | model | principle | hypothesis | verification | variables |


Or For A Little Background...

     | scientific method | abstraction |


And For Further Study...

     | economic systems | government functions | distribution standards | fallacies | assumptions, production possibilities | political views |


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