Google
Thursday 
March 30, 2023 

AmosWEB means Economics with a Touch of Whimsy!

AmosWEBWEB*pediaGLOSS*aramaECON*worldCLASS*portalQUIZ*tasticPED GuideXtra CrediteTutorA*PLS
URBANIZATION ECONOMIES: A reduction in production cost the results when diverse activities are located in a concentrated urban area. Urbanization economies applied to all types of activities that benefit from assorted urban "amenities" such as public utilities, government services, information services that are inclined to experience decreasing average cost with large scale production. If, for example, a city has sufficient demand for a more efficiency, larger scale electrical generation plant, then everyone can benefit from lower electricity rates.

Visit the GLOSS*arama


BUYERS' INCOME, DEMAND DETERMINANT:

The income that buyers have available to purchase a good, which is assumed constant when a demand curve is constructed. Buyers' income is one of five demand determinants that shift the demand curve when they change. The other four are buyers' preferences, other prices, buyers' expectations, and number of buyers.
Buyers' income affects the ability to purchase a good. In general, income has a direct affect on the ability to buy a good, that is, more income means more buying. However, income can actually affect demand in two ways. For normal goods, more income means more demand. For inferior goods, however, more income means less demand.

Normal and Inferior

When it comes to the buyers' income demand determinant, goods fall into one of two types--normal and inferior.
  • Normal Good: A normal good exists when buyers are inclined to buy more of the good if they have more income. A normal good is so named because it represents the typical, or "normal" situation. An increase in income means buyers have a greater ability to purchase goods. As such, buyers are "normally" inclined to buy more if they have more income.

  • Inferior Good: An inferior good exists when buyers are inclined to buy less of the good if they have more income. An inferior good is so named because it tends to be less expensive than more desirable goods. As such, when buyers have more income and can afford to buy the more expensive products, then they reduce their purchases of the inferior goods.

Shifting the Demand Curve

Buyers' Income

Normal Good

Inferior Good

A change in buyers' income causes the demand curve to shift. This can be illustrated using the negatively-sloped demand curve for Wacky Willy Stuffed Amigos presented in this exhibit. This demand curve captures the specific one-to-one, law of demand relation between demand price and quantity demanded. Buyers' income is assumed to remain constant with the construction of this demand curve.

Now, consider how changes in buyers' income shifts the demand curve. The demand curve is affected in a different way for normal goods than for inferior goods.

  • Normal Good: An increase in buyers' income causes an increase in demand and a rightward shift of the demand curve for a normal good. Click the [Income Increase] button under the Normal Good heading to demonstrate.

    A decrease in buyers' income causes a decrease in demand and a leftward shift of the demand curve for a normal good. Click the [Income Decrease] button under the Normal Good heading to demonstrate.


  • Inferior Good: An increase in buyers' income causes a decrease in demand and a leftward shift of the demand curve for an inferior good. Click the [Income Increase] button under the Inferior Good heading to demonstrate.

    A decrease in buyers' income causes an increase in demand and a rightward shift of the demand curve for an inferior good. Click the [Income Decrease] button under the Inferior Good heading to demonstrate.

Not the Income Effect

The buyers' income demand determinant needs to be distinguished from a seemingly similar notion, the income effect.
  • Buyers' Income Demand Determinant: Buyers' income is a demand determinant that affects the ability to purchase a good, given no change in the price of the good. The change in buyers' income causes a change in demand and a shift of the demand curve. With the buyers' income demand determinant, price is fixed and income changes.

  • Income Effect: The income effect results from a change in demand price, which affects the purchasing power of a given amount of income. The change in purchasing power then causes a change in quantity demanded and a movement along the demand curve. With the income effect, price changes and income is fixed.

<= BUYERS' EXPECTATIONS, DEMAND DETERMINANTBUYERS' MARKET =>


Recommended Citation:

BUYERS' INCOME, DEMAND DETERMINANT, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2023. [Accessed: March 30, 2023].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | demand determinants | buyers' preferences, demand determinant | other prices, demand determinant | buyers' expectations, demand determinant | number of buyers, demand determinant | normal good | inferior good | supply determinants |


Or For A Little Background...

     | demand | market demand | demand price | quantity demanded | law of demand | demand curve | change in demand | change in quantity demanded | ceteris paribus |


And For Further Study...

     | Marshallian cross | comparative statics | competition | competitive market | market | consumer surplus |


Search Again?

Back to the WEB*pedia


APLS

BLUE PLACIDOLA
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time touring the new suburban shopping complex looking to buy either a how-to book on meeting people or clothing for your pet iguana. Be on the lookout for a thesaurus filled with typos.
Your Complete Scope

This isn't me! What am I?

Before 1933, the U.S. dime was legal as payment only in transactions of $10 or less.
"The mediocre teacher tells. The good teacher explains. The superior teacher demonstrates. The great teacher inspires."

-- William Ward Texas Wesleyan University Administrator

HFO
Heavy Fuel Oil
A PEDestrian's Guide
Xtra Credit
Tell us what you think about AmosWEB. Like what you see? Have suggestions for improvements? Let us know. Click the User Feedback link.

User Feedback



| AmosWEB | WEB*pedia | GLOSS*arama | ECON*world | CLASS*portal | QUIZ*tastic | PED Guide | Xtra Credit | eTutor | A*PLS |
| About Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Statement |

Thanks for visiting AmosWEB
Copyright ©2000-2023 AmosWEB*LLC
Send comments or questions to: WebMaster