Google
Tuesday 
June 28, 2022 

AmosWEB means Economics with a Touch of Whimsy!

AmosWEBWEB*pediaGLOSS*aramaECON*worldCLASS*portalQUIZ*tasticPED GuideXtra CrediteTutorA*PLS
TOTAL REVENUE, MONOPOLY: The revenue received by a monopoly firm for the sale of its output. Total revenue is one of two parts a monopoly needs for the calculation of economic profit, the other is total cost. In general, total revenue is the price received for selling a good times the quantity of the good sold at that price. Because a monopoly completely controls its market and faces a negatively-sloped demand curve, it charges a different price for a given quantity. If a monopoly sells a relatively small quantity, it charges a relatively high price. If it sells a relatively smaller quantity, it charges a relatively lower price. However, once the monopoly determines its' price/quantity combination, total revenue calculation is relatively straightforward, multiply the price times the quantity.

Visit the GLOSS*arama


CAPITAL CONSUMPTION ADJUSTMENT:

The official item in the National Income and Product Accounts maintained by the Bureau of Economics Analysis that measures the macroeconomy's capital depreciation during a given time period, usually one year. The capital consumption adjustment (CCA), which is also commonly termed the capital consumption allowance (also conveniently abbreviated CCA), is subtracted from gross domestic product (GDP) to calculate net domestic product (NDP). The CCA is also subtracted from gross private domestic investment to calculate net private domestic investment.
The capital consumption adjustment is used to adjust gross domestic product for the wear and tear of capital during the course of production. The result of this adjustment is net domestic product. The capital consumption adjustment is also the difference between gross private domestic investment, the total amount of investment expenditures for capital goods, and net private domestic investment.

Capital Wear and Tear

The purpose of the capital consumption adjustment is to adjust gross investment expenditures and gross domestic product for depreciation of the capital stock. The reason for this adjustment is that the production of goods and services causes wear and tear on capital. Machines break down. Equipment becomes technologically obsolete. And the constant grind of productive activity causes almost all types of capital to just, plain wear out.

Three primary reasons exist for capital depreciation:

  • One, capital simply wears out during the normal course of production.

  • Two, capital also breaks down or is destroyed due to accidents, natural disasters, etc.

  • Three, capital becomes obsolete due to technological improvements.

Replacing Old with New

Whatever the cause of the depreciation, a portion of the economy's productive resources is devoted to replacing this depreciated capital. However, resources used for producing replacement capital cannot be used to produce new capital or wants-and-needs-satisfying consumption goods. As such, deducting the capital consumption adjustment from gross domestic product provides an indicator (net domestic product) of the production that moves the economy forward. Using similar reasoning, deducting the capital consumption adjustment from gross private domestic investment provides an indicator (net private domestic investment) of the net increase in the capital stock.

The capital consumption adjustment is usually around 10 percent of gross domestic product. In modern times, it has been as little as 8 percent and as much as 12 percent of GDP. A $10 trillion GDP is likely to see a CCA in the neighborhood of $1 trillion. While the purpose of the capital consumption adjustment is to measure the physical wear and tear or technological obsolescence of the capital stock, it is essentially an accounting estimate that depends on standard, legally-established accounting practices. In other words the CCA is NOT necessarily based on an actual physical evaluation of capital equipment.

Gross and Net Production

The relation between gross domestic product (GDP), net domestic product (NDP), and the capital consumption adjustment (CCA) is commonly illustrated by the following equation:

NDP=GDP - CCA

Gross and Net Investment

The relation between gross private domestic investment (GPDI), net private domestic investment (NPDI), and CCA is illustrated by this equation:

NPDI=GPDI - CCA

<= CAPITAL ACCOUNT, BALANCE OF PAYMENTSCAPITAL DEPRECIATION =>


Recommended Citation:

CAPITAL CONSUMPTION ADJUSTMENT, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2022. [Accessed: June 28, 2022].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | capital depreciation | net national product | national income | personal income | disposable income | gross national product | real gross domestic product |


Or For A Little Background...

     | net domestic product | gross domestic product | production | gross private domestic investment | net private domestic investment | capital | investment | investment expenditures | National Income and Product Accounts | Bureau of Economic Analysis | National Bureau of Economic Research |


And For Further Study...

     | macroeconomic problems | macroeconomic theories | macroeconomic sectors | circular flow | business cycles | stabilization policies | gross domestic product, ins and outs | gross domestic product, welfare | gross domestic product, expenditures | gross domestic product, income | net foreign factor income |


Related Websites (Will Open in New Window)...

     | Bureau of Economic Analysis |


Search Again?

Back to the WEB*pedia


APLS

BEIGE MUNDORTLE
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time lost in your local discount super center looking to buy either a wall poster commemorating the first day of winter or blue cotton balls. Be on the lookout for gnomes hiding in cypress trees.
Your Complete Scope

This isn't me! What am I?

Lewis Carroll, the author of Alice in Wonderland, was the pseudonym of Charles Dodgson, an accomplished mathematician and economist.
"I do not believe in a fate that will fall on us no matter what we do. I do believe in a fate that will fall on us if we do nothing. "

-- Ronald Reagan, 40th US president

UR
Unemployment Rate
A PEDestrian's Guide
Xtra Credit
Tell us what you think about AmosWEB. Like what you see? Have suggestions for improvements? Let us know. Click the User Feedback link.

User Feedback



| AmosWEB | WEB*pedia | GLOSS*arama | ECON*world | CLASS*portal | QUIZ*tastic | PED Guide | Xtra Credit | eTutor | A*PLS |
| About Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Statement |

Thanks for visiting AmosWEB
Copyright ©2000-2022 AmosWEB*LLC
Send comments or questions to: WebMaster