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PERFECT COMPETITION, LONG-RUN ADJUSTMENT: A perfectly competitive industry undertakes a two-part adjustment to equilibrium in the long run. One is the adjustment of each perfectly competitive firm to the appropriate factory size that maximizes long-run profit. The other is the entry of firms into the industry or exit of firms out of the industry, to eliminate economic profit or economic loss. The end result of this long-run adjustment is a multi-faceted equilibrium condition that price is equal to marginal cost and average cost (both short run and long run).

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Lesson Contents
Unit 1: Price Taker
  • A Perfect Market
  • Characteristics
  • Revenue
  • Profit Maximization
  • Unit 1 Summary
  • Unit 2: Short-Run Output
  • The Revenue Side
  • The Revenue Numbers
  • The Cost Side
  • Comparing Totals
  • Comparing Marginals
  • Unit 2 Summary
  • Unit 3: Doing Graphs
  • Total Curves
  • Profit Curve
  • Marginal Curves
  • Dividing Revenue
  • Short-Run Alternatives
  • Short-Run Supply
  • Unit 3 Summary
  • Unit 4: Long-Run Equilibrium
  • Long-Run Marginal Cost
  • Adjustment
  • Entry And Exit
  • Equilibrium Conditions
  • Long-Run Supply
  • Unit 4 Summary
  • Unit 5: Evaluation
  • The Good
  • The Bad
  • Market Control
  • Unit 5 Summary
  • Course Home
    Perfect Competition

    • The first unit of this lesson, Price Taker, begins this study with a look at the general structure of a perfectly competitive market.
    • In the second unit, Short-Run Output, we take a look at the short-run production decision faced by a perfectly competitive firm based on the cost and revenue numbers.
    • The third unit, Doing Graphs, then looks at the short-run production decision faced by a perfectly competitive firm using a graphical analysis of cost and revenue.
    • In the fourth unit, Long-Run Equilibrium, we examine the nature of long-run adjustment by a perfectly competition industry when all inputs are variable.
    • The fifth and final unit, Evaluation, then closes this lesson by considering the pros and cons of a perfectly competitive industry.

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