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April 23, 2024 

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SOCIAL SECURITY TAX: A tax on wage earnings that's used to fund the Social Security system. In principle, the Social Security tax is divided equally between employer and employee--your share is listed under the FICA heading of your paycheck. In practice, however, employees really end up paying both employee and employer contributes. The reason is that employers need to consider the entire cost of hiring an employee, including wages, fringe benefits, and assorted taxes. The more they pay in these nonwage items, like Social Security taxes, the less they pay in wages. In that the Social security tax is only on earnings, and excludes profit, interest, and rent, it tends to be a regressive tax.

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BUYERS' EXPECTATIONS: One of the five demand determinants assumed constant when a demand curve is constructed, and that shift the demand curve when they change. The other four are income, preferences, other prices, and number of buyers. If buyers expect the future price will be greater, then they're likely to buy more today, to avoid the higher future price. Alternatively, if buyers expect a lower future price, then they're likely to buy less today, awaiting the lower price. A higher future price induces an increase in demand and a lower future price induces a decrease in demand.

     See also | demand | demand curve | demand determinants | income, demand determinant | preferences | other prices | number of buyers | demand shock | demand increase | demand decrease | sellers' expectations | financial markets | stock market | corporate stock |


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BUYERS' EXPECTATIONS, AmosWEB GLOSS*arama, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2024. [Accessed: April 23, 2024].


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INNOVATION

The initial application of new products, technologies, and ideas that usually generate a beneficial improvement in society and the economy. In contrast to an invention, which is the act of creation, an innovation is the implementation of a product, technology, or idea. Innovations are changes in existing institutions and the status quo, prompted by risk-taking entrepreneurs, that promote prosperity and improved living standards.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at an auction hoping to buy either storage boxes for your family photos or a large, stuffed giraffe. Be on the lookout for fairy dust that tastes like salt.
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In the early 1900s around 300 automobile companies operated in the United States.
"You have to find something that you love enough to be able to take risks, jump over the hurdles and break through the brick walls that are always going to be placed in front of you. If you don't have that kind of feeling for what it is you're doing, you'll stop at the first giant hurdle. "

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Marginal Utility
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