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May 8, 2021 

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SHORT-RUN PRODUCTION ALTERNATIVES: A firm faces three production options in the short run based on a comparison between price, average total cost, and average variable cost. If price is greater than average total cost, a firm earns an economic profit by producing the quantity that equates marginal revenue with marginal cost. If price is less than average total cost but greater than average variable cost, a firm incurs an economic loss, but produces the quantity that equates marginal revenue with marginal cost. If price is less than average variable cost, a firm shuts down production in the short run, incurring an economic loss equal to total fixed cost.

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PERSONAL TAX AND NONTAX PAYMENTS:

The official item in the National Income and Product Accounts maintained by the Bureau of Economics Analysis measuring the personal income taxes paid to the government sector on personal income received by the household sector. Personal tax and nontax payments are subtracted from personal income (PI) to calculate disposable income (DI). Personal tax and nontax payments are about 15 percent of personal income and about 13 percent of gross domestic product.
The primary taxes included in personal tax and nontax payments are the personal income taxes (the ones due on April 15th) that are paid to the three levels of government--federal, state, and local. Another major component is property taxes paid to state and local governments. It also includes assorted, and minor, nontax fees and charges, such as fishing licenses and national park entrance fees.

Taxes excluded from this item might be as important as those included. Personal tax and nontax payments do NOT include Social Security taxes or sales taxes. Both of these enter into the National Income and Product Accounts in other places.

The derivation of disposable income (DI) from personal income (PI) by subtracting personal tax and nontax payments (PT) is illustrated by this equation:

DI=PI - PT

<= PERSONAL INCOME AND NATIONAL INCOMEPERSONAL TAXES =>


Recommended Citation:

PERSONAL TAX AND NONTAX PAYMENTS, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2021. [Accessed: May 8, 2021].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | personal taxes | disposable income and personal income | gross domestic income | factor payments | transfer payments | income earned but not received | income received but not earned | corporate profits distribution |


Or For A Little Background...

     | disposable income | personal income | gross domestic product | gross domestic product, income | production | resource markets | National Income and Product Accounts | Bureau of Economic Analysis | National Bureau of Economic Research |


And For Further Study...

     | business cycles | circular flow | gross domestic product, expenditures | gross domestic product, ins and outs | gross domestic product, welfare | national income | net domestic product | gross national product | real gross domestic product | national income and gross domestic product | national income and net domestic product | personal income and national income | inflation | unemployment |


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     | Bureau of Economic Analysis |


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