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May 21, 2022 

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SOCIAL SECURITY: A system for providing financial assistance to the poor, elderly, and disabled. The social security system in the United States was established by the Social Security Act (1935) in response to the devastating problems of the Great Depression. Our current Social Security system has several parts. The first part, Old Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI) is the one the usually comes to mind when the phrase "Social Security" comes up. It provides benefits to anyone who has reached a certain age and who has paid taxes into the program while employed. It also provides benefits to qualified recipients survivors or dependents. The second part of the system is Disability Insurance (DI), which provides benefits to workers and their dependents in the case of physical disabilities that keeps them from working. The third part is Hospital Insurance (HI), more commonly termed medicare. Medicare provides two types of benefits, hospital coverage for anyone in the OASI part of the system and optional supplemental medical benefits that require a monthly insurance premium. The last part of the social security system is Public Assistance (PA), which is the official term for welfare and is covered under it's own heading.

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PLANT:

The physical capital (building and equipment) at a particular location used for the production of goods and services. A plant, or factory, is usually a relatively large production operation (compared with something smaller, like a shop). While plant and firm are occasionally used synonymously, a given firm might own more than one plant and a given plant might be owned by more than one firm.
A plant is essentially the geographic manifestation of large scale production, where the capital, workers, and materials are combined in the production of goods and services.

The term plant is occasionally used synonymously with other terms such as firm or business. However, to be precise, a firm or business is the organization set up to oversee production and a plant is the physical location of the production. The one term that is largely synonymous with plant is factory.

The distinction between the terms firm (or business) and plant (or factory) provides a couple of interesting combinations.

  • A given firm can operate several different plants. Consider The Wacky Willy Company, proud producer of Wacky Willy Stuffed Amigos (those adorable foam-filled tarantulas and scorpions). The Wacky Willy Company actually operates several plants for the production of Stuffed Amigos. They have a main assembly plant on the north edge of Shady Valley, just the up the highway from the shopping mall. Then they also have a fabric-cutting facility in Oak Town, thirty miles south of Shady Valley, a tag-printing plant in nearby Breezy Burg, and a stuffing poofer operation located in upstate Whispering Falls. The Wacky Willy Company is clearly a multi-plant firm. A single firm and four plants.

  • A single plant can be operated by more than one firm. Consider the wireless communications data relay equipment production facility located east of Shady Valley. This facility is used to assemble the assorted computers and communications equipment that enables high speed wireless telephone communication. This particular plant is owned and operated as a joint venture among Shady Valley's four wireless telephone services--OmniCell, Digital Distance, Tucker Trilateral Telephone, and FoneCom. In this case, there is one plant and four firms.

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Recommended Citation:

PLANT, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2022. [Accessed: May 21, 2022].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | firm | business | company | enterprise | legal business organizations | ownership liability | business objectives | profit maximization | natural selection | factory | industry |


Or For A Little Background...

     | capital | entrepreneurship | production | production cost | supply |


And For Further Study...

     | business sector | second estate | government enterprises | ownership and control | fixed investment |


Related Websites (Will Open in New Window)...

     | National Association of Manufacturers |


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