Sunday  July 15, 2018
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 BALANCED-BUDGET AMENDMENT: A proposed amendment to the U.S. Constitution that would constrain total government spending to be less than or equal to total tax collections. Such an amendment would effectively eliminate the federal deficit, which results when the spending exceeds taxes. The logic behind such an amendment is to prevent discretionary use of fiscal policy, which is often blamed for political business cycles and the resulting problems of inflation and unemployment. It is also touted as a way to limit the size of the Federal government.
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 Lesson Contents Unit 1: The Basics Opportunity Cost Cost Times Two Profit Times Three Unit 1 Summary Unit 2: Three Totals Fixed And Variable A Table Of Totals Total Curves TP And TVC Unit 2 Summary Unit 3: Four More Measures Three Averages A Table Of Averages Average Curves One Marginal A Marginal Table The Marginal Curve Unit 3 Summary Unit 4: Long-Run Cost Doing The Long Run A Choice Of Plants Planning Curve Scale Economies Unit 4 Summary Unit 5: Previewing Supply Production Stages Marginal Cost Unit 5 Summary Course Home
Cost

• The first unit of this lesson, The Basics, begins this our study with a review of the opportunity cost notion and how it relates to business activity.
• In the second unit, Three Totals, we take a look at the three total cost measures, including total cost, total variable cost, and total fixed cost.
• The third unit, Four More Measures, then presents four additional cost measures -- average total cost, average variable cost, average fixed cost, and marginal cost.
• In the fourth unit, Long-Run Cost, we examine how scale economies and diseconomies affect cost in the long run.
• The fifth and final unit, Previewing Supply, then closes this lesson by previewing the importance of cost, especially marginal cost, to the supply decision by a firm.

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ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION

Information is not equally available to everyone. Asymmetric information results because efficient information search inevitably stops short of compete information. Some people obtain more benefits from information than others, are willing to incur higher search costs, and thus end up knowing more. Or they incur lower information search costs and have easier access to the information. In a market, sellers tend to have more information about the good than buyers. Asymmetric information gives rise to adverse selection, moral hazard, and the principal-agent problem. These problems can be lessened through signalling and screening.

 BROWN PRAGMATOX[What's This?] Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time flipping through mail order catalogs looking to buy either a rechargeable battery for your camera or a coffee cup commemorating the first day of spring. Be on the lookout for rusty deck screws.Your Complete Scope
 Sixty percent of big-firm executives said the cover letter is as important or more important than the resume itself when you're looking for a new job
 "The time to repair the roof is when the sun is shining."-- John F. Kennedy, 35th U. S. president
 JLEOJournal of Law, Economics and Organization
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