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 LOCAL INPUT: An input that has a relatively small geographic market area due to the high cost of transportation. The high transportation cost means it is easier (that is, less expensive) to locate the production activity near the input rather than trying to bring the input to the production activity. Like many things, local inputs are a matter of degree. At the other end of the spectrum lies transferrable inputs. Natural resources of the land, such as soil fertility, weather conditions, mineral deposits, tend to have the greatest local orientation. Labor and many urban public utilities, such as water distribution and sewage disposable, also tend to fall into the local category.
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 Lesson 4: Production Possibilities | Unit 3: The Curve Page: 11 of 24

 Topic: Slope and Cost <=PAGE BACK | PAGE NEXT=>

The slope of a line is measured by calculating the change in the value measured on the vertical axis divided by the change in the value measured on the horizontal axis.
• Another way of saying this is to take the rise over the run.

 rise change in shoes slope = ---- = -------------------------- run change in calibrators

• Slope between I and J is -70. Rise is a decrease of 70. Run is an increase of 1.
The slope of the production possibilities curve is the opportunity cost of the good measured on the horizontal axis, which in our example is clock calibrators.

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COMPLEMENT GOOD

In general, one of two (or more) goods that are related in a joint manner. In terms of demand, complement goods are those that provide satisfaction of a want or need when consumed together. In terms of supply, complement goods are those that are simultaneously produced using a given resource. A complement good is one of two ways that goods are related. The other is a substitute good.

 BROWN PRAGMATOX[What's This?] Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time going from convenience store to convenience store trying to buy either a lazy Susan for you dining room table or a set of serrated steak knives, with durable plastic handles. Be on the lookout for infected paper cuts.Your Complete Scope
 The first U.S. fire insurance company was established by Benjamin Franklin in 1752 in Philadelphia.
 "Be kind and merciful. Let no one ever come to you without coming away better and happier."-- Mother Teresa of Calcutta, humanitarian