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A PRIORI: A presumption made before an analysis is undertaken, often based on experiences, beliefs, or deductions from seemingly self-evident propositions about how the world works. This is a Latin for assumption or axiom. A similar sounding, but opposite term is a posteriori, which is derived from observation or facts. For example, in the study of economics of crime you might assume, a priori, that people are basically "good", because that just seems to be part of human nature, and conclude, a posteriori, that people are more likely to commit crimes when the threat of capture and conviction is lower.

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NEAR-PUBLIC GOOD: A good that's easy to keep nonpayers from consuming, but use of the good by one person doesn't prevent use by others. The trick with a near-public good is that it's easy to keep people away, and thus you can charge them a price for consuming, but there's no real good reason to do so. From an efficiency view, the more people who consume a near-public good, the better off society. This mixture of nearly unlimited benefits and the ability to charge a price means that some near-public goods are sold through markets and others are provided by government. For efficiency's sake, none should be sold through markets.

     See also | excludability | rival consumption | good types | common-property good | public good | private good | efficiency | user charge |


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CONSUMER CONFIDENCE, AGGREGATE EXPENDITURES DETERMINANT

One of several specific aggregate expenditures determinants assumed constant when the aggregate expenditures line is constructed, and that shifts the aggregate expenditures line when it changes. An increase in consumer confidence causes an increase (upward shift) of the aggregate expenditures line. A decrease in consumer confidence causes a decrease (downward shift) of the aggregate expenditures line. Other notable aggregate expenditures determinants include interest rates, federal deficit, inflationary expectations, and exchange rates.

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BEIGE MUNDORTLE
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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time looking for a downtown retail store wanting to buy either storage boxes for your family photos or a large, stuffed giraffe. Be on the lookout for the happiest person in the room.
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A U.S. dime has 118 groves around its edge, one fewer than a U.S. quarter.
"You can't build a reputation on what you are going to do."

-- Henry Ford, automaker

NNP
Net National Product
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