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SLOPE, NET EXPORTS LINE: The negative slope of the net exports line is based on the marginal propensity to import (MPM). Because net exports are exports minus imports, the induced change in imports causes an opposite change in net exports. As such, the slope of the net exports line is negative, less than zero (but greater than negative one). The slope of the net exports line affects the slope of the aggregate expenditures line and thus also affects the magnitude of the multiplier process.

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NET EXPORTS LINE: The graphical depiction of the relation between net exports and national income (or gross domestic product) that plays a role in Keynesian economics and the Keynesian cross. The net exports line is derived by combining the exports line, relating exports and national income, with the imports line, relating imports and national income. Because exports are largely independent of national income and imports (which are subtracted from exports) increase with national income, the net exports line has a negative slope. The slope of the net exports line is thus the negative of the marginal propensity to import. The aggregate expenditures line used in the Keynesian cross is obtained by adding this net exports line, as well as, government purchases and net exports, to the consumption line. The government purchases line is also combined with investment expenditures for the Keynesian saving-investment model.

     See also | exports | imports | net exports | marginal propensity to import | foreign sector | consumption function | Keynesian economics | marginal propensity to consume | aggregate expenditures | aggregate expenditures line | Keynesian cross | government purchases line | investment line | aggregate expenditures line |


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ECONOMICS OF UNCERTAINTY

The study of the role that uncertainty plays in the economy and in the allocation of resources, with special attention paid to the analysis of risk. Key topics in this area of study and analysis are risk preferences (aversion, neutrality, and loving) and the provision of insurance. This study of the economics of uncertainty is part of the broader study of the economics of information.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time at a going out of business sale looking to buy either a hepa filter for your furnace or a wall poster commemorating next Thursday. Be on the lookout for empty parking spaces that appear to be near the entrance to a store.
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The average bank teller loses about $250 every year.
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