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MARKET DEMAND: The total demand of every individual willing and able to buy a good. Market demand is found by combining the individual demands of everyone willing and able to buy a particular good. The market demand curve is found by horizontally adding all individual demand curves, that is, sum up the quantities demanded by all buyers at each and every price. Market demand operates according to the law of demand, as illustrated by a downward-sloping market demand curve. For higher prices the quantity demanded by all buyers in the market combined is less than the quantity demanded for lower prices.

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PURE MARKET ECONOMY:

An economy, or economic system, that relies exclusively on markets to allocate resources and to answer all three questions of allocation. This theoretical ideal has no governments, markets are used to make all allocation decisions. Then contrasting theoretical ideal is a pure command economy in which governments make all allocation decisions.
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Economic Systems
A pure market economy is a theoretical extreme on the spectrum of economic systems that does not actually exist in the real world. It does, however, provide a benchmark that can be used for comparison with real world economic systems.

In pure market economies, markets are used by buyers and sellers to voluntarily exchange goods, services, and resources. Buyers seek to pay the lowest prices. Sellers seek to receive the highest prices. Resources are allocated to the production of the goods with the highest prices and greatest satisfaction of wants and needs.

The real world embodiment of a pure market economy is termed a market-oriented economy or capitalism. The market-oriented economy of the United States is the primary example.

While, in theory, resource allocation could be undertaken exclusively through markets or governments, in the real world, all economies rely on a mix of both markets and governments for allocation decisions, what is termed a mixed economy.

<= PURE COMMAND ECONOMY


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PURE MARKET ECONOMY, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2022. [Accessed: May 20, 2022].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | pure command economy | command economy | capitalism | socialism | communism | market socialism | market-oriented economy |


Or For A Little Background...

     | mixed economy | economic system | private sector | free enterprise | laissez faire | invisible hand |


And For Further Study...

     | three questions of allocation | distribution standards | government functions | property rights | political views | production possibilities |


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