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BALANCE OF TRADE: The difference between funds received by a country when exporting merchandise and the funds paid for importing merchandise. The balance of trade is a major part of the current accounts portion of the balance of payments. A balance of trade surplus results if exports exceed imports, commonly termed a favorable balance of trade, and a balance of trade deficit exists if imports exceed exports, analogously termed an unfavorable balance of trade. The "favorable" and "unfavorable" normative connotations attached to the balance of trade rests with the presumption that a nation is "better off" when it exports more than it imports, which is not necessarily true.

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B: The common notation for the "slope" term of an equation specified as Y = a + bX. Mathematically, the b-slope term indicates the change in the value of the Y variable resulting from a unit change in the value of the X variable. Theoretically, the b-slope is frequently used to indicate endogenous or dependent relation between the Y and X variables. For example, if Y represents consumption and X represents national income, b measures induced consumption expenditures.

     See also | a | exogenous variable | endogenous variable | consumption function | consumption | national income | model | principle | law | positive relation | negative relation |


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AVERAGE PRODUCT

The quantity of total output produced per unit of a variable input, holding all other inputs fixed. Average product, usually abbreviated AP, is found by dividing total product by the quantity of the variable input. Average product, which occasionally goes by the alias average physical product (APP), is one of two measures derived from total product. The other is marginal product.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time searching the newspaper want ads seeking to buy either a travel case for you toothbrush or a looseleaf notebook binder. Be on the lookout for vindictive digital clocks with revenge on their minds.
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Post WWI induced hyperinflation in German in the early 1900s raised prices by 726 million times from 1918 to 1923.
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