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October 22, 2021 

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ANTITRUST: The generally process of preventing monopoly practices or breaking up monopolies that restrict competition. The term antitrust derives from the common use of the trust organizational structure in the late 1800s and early 1900s to monopolize markets. The most noted example of the use of a monopoly trust was the Standard Oil Trust, controlled by J. D. Rockefeller and dismantled through the Sherman Act in 1911. The creation of similar monopoly trusts led to the several antitrust laws, including the Sherman Act, the Clayton Act, and the Federal Trade Commission Act.

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FEDERAL ADVISORY COUNCIL:

A support committee of the Federal Reserve System that provides advice and input the Federal Reserve Board of Governors. The Federal Advisory Council (FAC) is comprised of 12 members, one from each of the 12 Federal Reserve Districts. The council members, typically commercial bank presidents from the 12 districts, are appointed by their Federal Reserve District Banks. The FAC is one of three Federal Reserve Board advisory committees. The other two Consumer Advisory Council and Thrift Institutions Advisory Council.
The Federal Advisory Council (FAC) is an advisory support committee to the Federal Reserve Board of Governors. It has no policy making authority but serves to provide "grassroots" feedback and advice on any and all issues relevant to the Federal Reserve System. The council contains 12 members, appointed by the 12 Federal Reserve District Banks. The appointees are typically the presidents of commercial banks within their respective districts. The FAC meets with the Federal Reserve Board in Washington, D.C. at least four times a year, generally the first Friday in February, May, September, and December.

Federal Advisory Council
Federal Advisory Council
The exhibit to the right, commonly termed the Federal Reserve pyramid, indicates the connection between the Federal Advisory Council and the rest of the Federal Reserve System. The Federal Advisory Council is connected directly to the Federal Reserve Board of Governors at the top of the pyramid.

The Federal Advisory Council is a reflection of the basic design of the Federal Reserve System as a decentralize central bank. While the FAC has no explicit policy making authority, feedback from the council helps to keep Fed actions somewhat grounded in the "real world." While input from 12 commercial bank presidents is not quite as grassroots as a council populated by factory workers and retail sales clerks, it is better than nothing at all. Commercial bank presidents living and working places like Des Moines (Iowa), Flagstaff (Arizona), and Memphis (Tennessee) can give insight into Fed policies not found in New York City or Washington, D.C.

Two additional advisory councils provide the Federal Reserve Board with advice and feedback on specific areas of Federal Reserve activity--Consumer Advisory Council and Thrift Institutions Advisory Council.

  • Consumer Advisory Council: Advice on credit consumer protection activities of the Federal Reserve Board is offered by this council of 30 members. The Consumer Advisory Council (CAC) was established in 1976 and contains members who represent consumers and financial groups, including both academicians and legal specialists with knowledge of consumer affairs. Members serve staggered 3 year terms. The council meets with the Federal Reserve Board three times a year

  • Thrift Institutions Advisory Council: This advisory council was established in 1980 when the Federal Reserve System extended regulatory oversight to thrift institutions (savings and loan associations, credit unions, and mutual savings banks). The Thrift Institutions Advisory Council (TIAC) contains 12 members, each serving for 2 years, who represent the interests of savings and loan associations, credit unions, and mutual savings banks. The council meets with the Federal Reserve Board 3 times a year to discuss the special needs and concerns of thrift institutions.

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Recommended Citation:

FEDERAL ADVISORY COUNCIL, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2021. [Accessed: October 22, 2021].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | monetary economics | monetary policy | central banking | Federal Reserve pyramid | Federal Reserve System | Chairman of the Board of Governors, Federal Reserve System | Board of Governors, Federal Reserve System | Federal Reserve Banks | Federal Open Market Committee | Consumer Advisory Council | Thrift Institutions Advisory Council | open market operations | discount rate | reserve requirements |


Or For A Little Background...

     | fractional-reserve banking | banks | money | bank reserves | bank panic | business cycles | check clearing | money creation | macroeconomics |


And For Further Study...

     | Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation | Comptroller of the Currency | monetary aggregates | barter | aggregate market | unemployment | inflation | bank balance sheet | gross domestic product | circular flow | goldsmith money creation |


Related Websites (Will Open in New Window)...

     | Federal Reserve System |


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