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August 9, 2022 

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ABSOLUTE POVERTY: The amount of income a person or family needs to purchase an absolute amount of the basic necessities of life. These basic necessities are identified in terms of calories of food, BTUs of energy, square feet of living space, etc. The problem with the absolute poverty level is that there really are no absolutes when in comes to consuming goods. You can consume a given poverty level of calories eating relatively expensive steak, relatively inexpensive pasta, or garbage from a restaurant dumpster. The income needed to acquire each of these calorie "minimums" vary greatly. That's why some prefer relative poverty.

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MARKET SOCIALISM:

A type of economy, or economic system, based on--(1) government, rather than individual, ownership of many resources, especially those like heavy manufacturing, energy reserves, widely used raw materials (lumber, steel), and transportation systems, that are deemed critical to the operation of the economy; (2) answering three questions of allocation with a combination of central planning by government and decentralized decision-making by individual factories and the owners of non-critical resources; (3) the limited use of markets to exchange farm products and retail consumer goods; (4) economic and monetary incentives, such as bonuses, paid to the workers of government-owned facilities to encourage efficiency and increased productivity.
Market socialism is a form of socialism that attempts to blend voluntary market exchanges with government oversight and control. It was developed during the late 1960s and early 1970s, primarily by socialist economies in Europe, in an attempt to address the inefficiencies of socialism.

Market socialism was designed to augment the government control of a command economy with the efficiency of market exchanges. Market socialism sought to paint the "big picture" of the economy with a moderate degree of central planning, avoid the inefficiency problems of monopoly and market control with government ownership of key industries, and encourage efficient exchanges and resource allocation using markets and decentralized decision-making.

Market socialism resides in the middle of the spectrum of economic systems, bounded by a pure market economy on one end and a pure command economy on the other. It is, perhaps more so than other economic systems, a prime example of a mixed economy. Allocation decisions are undertaken by both governments and markets.

<= MARKET SHAREMARKET STRUCTURE CONTINUUM =>


Recommended Citation:

MARKET SOCIALISM, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2022. [Accessed: August 9, 2022].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | capitalism | communism | market-oriented economy | command economy | pure command economy | pure market economy |


Or For A Little Background...

     | economy | economic system | mixed economy | government functions | ownership and control | socialism |


And For Further Study...

     | central planning | equity | nationalization | four estates | distribution standards | three questions of allocation | laissez faire | needs standard | production possibilities |


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