Google
Wednesday 
April 17, 2024 

AmosWEB means Economics with a Touch of Whimsy!

AmosWEBWEB*pediaGLOSS*aramaECON*worldCLASS*portalQUIZ*tasticPED GuideXtra CrediteTutorA*PLS
LAFFER CURVE: The graphical inverted-U relation between tax rates and total tax collections by government. Developed by economist Arthur Laffer, the Laffer curve formed a key theoretical foundation for supply-side economics of President Reagan during the 1980s. It is based on the notion that government collects zero revenue if the tax rate is 0% and if the tax rate is 100%. At a 100% tax rate no one has the incentive to work, produce, and earn income, so there is no income to tax. As such, the optimum tax rate, in which government revenue is maximized, lies somewhere between 0% and 100%. This generates a curve shaped like and inverted U, rising from zero to a peak, then falling back to zero. If the economy is operating to the right of the peak, then government revenue can be increased by decreasing the tax rate. This was used to justify supply-side economic policies during the Reagan Administration, especially the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981 (Kemp-Roth Act).

Visit the GLOSS*arama


TOTAL REVENUE CURVE, MONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION:

A curve that graphically represents the relation between the total revenue received by a monopolistically competitive firm for selling its output and the quantity of output sold. It is combined with the total cost curve to determine economic profit and the profit maximizing level of production. The slope of the total revenue curve is marginal revenue.
Monopolistic competition is a market structure with a large number of relatively small firms that sell similar but not identical products. Each firm is small relative to the overall size of the market such that it has some market control, but not much. In other words, it can sell a wide range of output at a narrow range of prices. This translates into a relatively elastic demand curve. If a monopolistically competitive firm wants to sell a larger quantity, then it must lower the price.

The total revenue curve reflects the degree of market control held by a firm. For a perfectly competitive firm with no market control, the total revenue curve is a straight line. For firms with more market control, such as monopolistic competition, the slope of the total revenue curve flattens at larger quantities. The slope of this total revenue curve is marginal revenue.

Total Revenue Curve,
Sandwich Style
Total Revenue Curve, Monopolistic Competition
The total revenue curve for Manny Mustard's House of Sandwich is displayed in the exhibit to the right. Key to this curve is that Manny Mustard is a monopolistically competitive provider of Deluxe Club Sandwiches and thus faces a negatively-sloped demand curve. Larger quantities of output are only possible with lower prices.

The vertical axis measures total revenue and the horizontal axis measures the quantity of output (number of sandwiches). Although quantity on this particular graph stops at 10 sandwiches of medicine, it could go higher.

This curve indicates that if Manny Mustard's House of Sandwich sells 1 sandwich (at $5.25 per sandwich), then it receives $5.25 of total revenue. Alternatively, if it sells 10 sandwiches (at $4.75 per sandwich), then it receives $47.50 of total revenue.

While the curvature is slight, the total revenue curve for monopolistic competition is not a straight line. While the curvature is slight, the total revenue curve for monopolistic competition is not a straight line. For Manny Mustard the total revenue curve has a slightly flatter slope as more output is produced. The changing slope of this curve is due to the changing price.

<= TOTAL REVENUE CURVETOTAL REVENUE CURVE, MONOPOLY =>


Recommended Citation:

TOTAL REVENUE CURVE, MONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION, AmosWEB Encyclonomic WEB*pedia, http://www.AmosWEB.com, AmosWEB LLC, 2000-2024. [Accessed: April 17, 2024].


Check Out These Related Terms...

     | total revenue | total revenue, monopolistic competition | total revenue curve, monopoly | total revenue curve, perfection competition | average revenue curve, monopolistic competition | marginal revenue curve, monopolistic competition | total cost curve | total product curve |


Or For A Little Background...

     | market structures | monopolistic competition | monopolistic competition, characteristics | monopolistic competition, demand | demand | demand price | law of demand | efficiency |


And For Further Study...

     | short-run production analysis | monopolistic competition, short-run production analysis | monopolistic competition, long-run production analysis | monopolistic competition, efficiency | monopolistic competition, profit maximization | monopolistic competition, loss minimization | monopolistic competition, shutdown |


Related Websites (Will Open in New Window)...

     | U.S. Chamber of Commerce | Better Business Bureau | Small Business Administration |


Search Again?

Back to the WEB*pedia


APLS

GRAY SKITTERY
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time strolling around a discount warehouse buying club wanting to buy either super soft, super cuddly, stuffed animals or a large stuffed brown and white teddy bear. Be on the lookout for pencil sharpeners with an attitude.
Your Complete Scope

This isn't me! What am I?

A thousand years before metal coins were developed, clay tablet "checks" were used as money by the Babylonians.
"The best way to cheer yourself up is to try to cheer somebody else up."

-- Mark Twain

AMW
Average Monthly Wage
A PEDestrian's Guide
Xtra Credit
Tell us what you think about AmosWEB. Like what you see? Have suggestions for improvements? Let us know. Click the User Feedback link.

User Feedback



| AmosWEB | WEB*pedia | GLOSS*arama | ECON*world | CLASS*portal | QUIZ*tastic | PED Guide | Xtra Credit | eTutor | A*PLS |
| About Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Statement |

Thanks for visiting AmosWEB
Copyright ©2000-2024 AmosWEB*LLC
Send comments or questions to: WebMaster