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December 13, 2018 

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BANK RESERVES: The "money" that banks use to conduct day-to-day business, including cashing checks, satisfying customers's withdrawals, and clearing checks between accounts at different banks. The "money" in question includes vault cash and Federal Reserve deposits. Specifically, vault cash is the paper money and coins that a bank keeps on the bank premises (both in the vault and in teller drawers), which is used to "cash" checks and otherwise provide the funds that customers withdraw. Federal Reserve deposits are accounts that banks keep with the Federal Reserve System, which are used to process, in a systematic, centralized fashion, the millions of checks written each day by customers of one bank that are deposited by customers of another bank. Using these deposits, the Fed acts as a central clearing house for checks, being able to simultaneously debit the account of one bank and credit the account of another. More on the importance of bank reserves can be found under fractional-reserve banking.

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Lesson Contents
Unit 1: Economics
  • Definition
  • More...
  • Unit 1 Summary
  • Unit 2: Doing Economics
  • Science and Policy
  • The Fields
  • Unit 2 Summary
  • Unit 3: The Economy
  • An Economy
  • A Mixed Economy: Markets and Government
  • A Mixed Economy: The Mix
  • Unit 3 Summary
  • Unit 4: Economic Goals
  • Economic Goals
  • Tradeoffs
  • Unit 4 Summary
  • Unit 5: Economic Policies
  • The Concept
  • Reasons
  • Problems
  • Unit 5 Summary
  • Course Home
    Economic Basics

    Being the very first lesson in this course, this provides an introduction and overview of economics. You'll come across a lot of basic concepts and terms. The full importance of these may not become apparent until later lessons, but they will be important. The five units making up this lesson set the stage for the further study of economics.

    • The first unit offers up a basic definition and provides two useful lists -- the three questions of allocation and the seven rules of economics.
    • The second unit then explores the practice of economics, including positive and normative economics, macroeconomics and microeconomics, and six common logical fallacies.
    • In the third unit, we turn our attention to the economy, especially how real world economies contain a mix of markets and governments.
    • We then examine the five basic goals of a mixed economy in the fourth unit, include the three macro goals of full employment, stability, and growth; and the two micro goals of efficiency and equity.
    • The fifth and final unit in this lesson considers assorted economic policies that governments use to achieve the five economic goals.

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    TOTAL FACTOR COST CURVE, MONOPSONY

    A curve that graphically represents the relation between total factor cost incurred by a monopsony when using a given factor of production to produce a good or service. The total factor cost curve is most important in factor market analysis for the derivation of the marginal factor cost curve.

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    APLS

    YELLOW CHIPPEROON
    [What's This?]

    Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time visiting every yard sale in a 30-mile radius trying to buy either clothing for your pet iguana or a set of hubcaps. Be on the lookout for deranged pelicans.
    Your Complete Scope

    This isn't me! What am I?

    On a typical day, the United States Mint produces over $1 million worth of dimes.
    "Follow effective action with quiet reflection. From the quiet reflection will come even more effective action. "

    -- Peter F. Drucker, author

    JIE
    Journal of Industrial Economics
    A PEDestrian's Guide
    Xtra Credit
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