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July 22, 2018 

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ALLOCATIVE EFFICIENCY: Obtaining the most consumer satisfaction from available resources. Allocative efficiency means that our economy is doing the best job possible of satisfying unlimited wants and needs with limited resources -- that is, of addressing the problem of scarcity.

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A PRIORI: A presumption made before an analysis is undertaken, often based on experiences, beliefs, or deductions from seemingly self-evident propositions about how the world works. This is a Latin for assumption or axiom. A similar sounding, but opposite term is a posteriori, which is derived from observation or facts. For example, in the study of economics of crime you might assume, a priori, that people are basically "good", because that just seems to be part of human nature, and conclude, a posteriori, that people are more likely to commit crimes when the threat of capture and conviction is lower.

     See also | axiom | assumption | theory | scientific method | a posteriori | principle | law | hypothesis | world view | data | empirical | verification |


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TAX WEDGE

The difference between demand price and supply price that is created when a tax is imposed on a market. Placing a tax on a market disrupts what otherwise would be an equilibrium equality between demand price and supply price. A tax wedge results because the tax is included in the demand price paid by buyers but not in the supply price received by sellers. With standard demand (negative slope) and supply (positive slope) curves, the incidence of the tax (who pays) is divided between buyers and sellers.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time looking for the new strip mall out on the highway looking to buy either a birthday gift for your aunt or a pair of leather sandals that won't cause blisters. Be on the lookout for florescent light bulbs that hum folk songs from the sixties.
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Two and a half gallons of oil are needed to produce one automobile tire.
"You can't build a reputation on what you are going to do."

-- Henry Ford, automaker

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