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September 19, 2018 

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FICA: The abbreviation for Federal Insurance Contributions Act, passed in 1939, which established payroll deductions from wage-earning employees and the employers for the Social Security system. This is the noted Social Security tax that wage earners pay and which is then used to provide Social Security benefits to the elderly, disable, and qualified dependents.

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PRISONERS' DILEMMA: An application of game theory analysis in which two prisoners both confess to a crime to avoid harsher punishment when not confessing would avoid any punishment. The dilemma emerges because both prisoners are faced with the same choice -- confess or not confess -- but the outcome their choice depends on the choice made by the other prisoner. Unfortunately neither prisoner knows the choice of the other. If neither confesses, then they receive no punishment. If both confess, then they receive limited punishment, such as a year in jail. However, if one confesses and the other doesn't, the confessor receives light punishment, such as six months in jail, and the non confessor receives more severe punishment, such as five years in jail. The result is that both prisoners confess.

     See also | game theory | oligopoly | interdependence | competition among the few | collusion | advertising |


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INTEREST RATES, AGGREGATE EXPENDITURES DETERMINANT

One of several specific aggregate expenditures determinants assumed constant when the aggregate expenditures line is constructed, and that shifts the aggregate expenditures line when it changes. A decrease in interest rates cause an increase (upward shift) of the aggregate expenditures line. An increase in interest rates cause a decrease (downward shift) of the aggregate expenditures line. Other notable aggregate expenditures determinants include consumer confidence, federal deficit, inflationary expectations, and exchange rates.

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APLS

YELLOW CHIPPEROON
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time waiting for visits from door-to-door solicitors looking to buy either a handcrafted bird feeder or a New York Yankees baseball cap. Be on the lookout for slightly overweight pizza delivery guys.
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A communal society, a prime component of Karl Marx's communist philosophy, was advocated by the Greek philosophy Plato.
"When you play, play hard; when you work, don't play at all. "

-- Theodore Roosevelt, 26th US president

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Structural Moving Average
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