March 23, 2018 

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UNPLANNED INVESTMENT: Investment expenditures that the business sector undertakes apart from those they intend to undertake based on expected economic conditions, interest rates, sales, and profitability. Another term for unplanned investment is change in inventories, which result when aggregate expenditures differ from aggregate output. Unplanned investment can be either positive or negative, meaning business inventories can either rise or fall. Should unplanned investment occur, then actual and planned investment differ, aggregate expenditures are not equal to aggregate output, and the macroeconomy is not in equilibrium.

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PRISONERS' DILEMMA: An application of game theory analysis in which two prisoners both confess to a crime to avoid harsher punishment when not confessing would avoid any punishment. The dilemma emerges because both prisoners are faced with the same choice -- confess or not confess -- but the outcome their choice depends on the choice made by the other prisoner. Unfortunately neither prisoner knows the choice of the other. If neither confesses, then they receive no punishment. If both confess, then they receive limited punishment, such as a year in jail. However, if one confesses and the other doesn't, the confessor receives light punishment, such as six months in jail, and the non confessor receives more severe punishment, such as five years in jail. The result is that both prisoners confess.

     See also | game theory | oligopoly | interdependence | competition among the few | collusion | advertising |

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Three support committees that provide feedback to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to assist in its assorted regulatory responsibilities, including Federal Advisory Council, Thrift Institutions Advisory Council, and Consumer Advisory Council. The Federal Advisory Council is a broad ranging council comprise of commercial bankers. The Thrift Institutions Advisory Council is comprised of representatives of thrift institutions. The Consumer Advisory Council is comprised of consumer credit representatives.

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Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time visiting every yard sale in a 30-mile radius seeking to buy either a turbo-powered vacuum cleaner or a battery-powered, rechargeable vacuum cleaner. Be on the lookout for spoiled cheese hiding under your bed hatching conspiracies against humanity.
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In the late 1800s and early 1900s, almost 2 million children were employed as factory workers.
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