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April 18, 2014 

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LAFFER CURVE: The graphical inverted-U relation between tax rates and total tax collections by government. Developed by economist Arthur Laffer, the Laffer curve formed a key theoretical foundation for supply-side economics of President Reagan during the 1980s. It is based on the notion that government collects zero revenue if the tax rate is 0% and if the tax rate is 100%. At a 100% tax rate no one has the incentive to work, produce, and earn income, so there is no income to tax. As such, the optimum tax rate, in which government revenue is maximized, lies somewhere between 0% and 100%. This generates a curve shaped like and inverted U, rising from zero to a peak, then falling back to zero. If the economy is operating to the right of the peak, then government revenue can be increased by decreasing the tax rate. This was used to justify supply-side economic policies during the Reagan Administration, especially the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981 (Kemp-Roth Act).

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PUBLIC CHOICE: A branch of economics that applies economic analysis to public (that is, government) decision-making, including voting behavior, legislative law-making, and related issues. Some of the more noted public choice principles include the voting paradox, logrolling, and the principle of the median voter.

     See also | political business cycle | fifth rule of imperfection | government | economic analysis |


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MARGINAL UTILITY CURVE

A curve illustrating the relation between the marginal utility obtained from consuming an additional unit of good and the quantity of the good consumed. The negative slope of the marginal utility curve reflects the law of diminishing marginal utility. The marginal utility curve also can be used to derived the demand curve.

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State of the ECONOMY

Sales of New Single-Family Homes
February 2014
444,000 (seasonal adjusted annual rate)
Down 3.3% from January 2014

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BEIGE MUNDORTLE
[What's This?]

Today, you are likely to spend a great deal of time lost in your local discount super center wanting to buy either several orange mixing bowls or clothing for your pet dog. Be on the lookout for fairy dust that tastes like salt.
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Potato chips were invented in 1853 by a irritated chef repeatedly seeking to appease the hard to please Cornelius Vanderbilt who demanded french fried potatoes that were thinner and crisper than normal.
"The best way to cheer yourself up is to try to cheer somebody else up."

-- Mark Twain

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